Detection of polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorodibenzofurans (PCDFs) in soil samples

Moreno Berlincioni, Alessandro di Domenico, Roberto Fanelli, Stefania Palma, Giovanni Zapponi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PCDDs and PCDFs were assayed in soil samples from built-up areas near the municipal solid waste (MSW) incinerator at San Donnino (Florence, Italy). Samples were obtained by coring bare agricultural topsoil. Major agglomerations were hand-crushed and stones removed. Samples were allowed to dry up naturally. C13-PCDD and PCDF markers were added prior to extraction. Multistep extraction was carried out mechanically and with a 4:1 hexane-acetone solvent mixture. Cleanup steps included treatments with concentrated sulfuric acid and activated alumina chromatography. The final eluate was analyzed with high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (hrGC-MS) utilizing the multiple ion detection (MID) technique. The analytical procedure allowed mean recovery yields and variation coefficients >70% and 2 (1 pg/g) for the tetrachlorosubstituted groups. Results of a quality assurance test involving two laboratories are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-506
Number of pages6
JournalChemosphere
Volume19
Issue number1-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989

Fingerprint

dioxin
Soil
Activated alumina
Solid Waste
Soils
Refuse incinerators
Aluminum Oxide
Municipal solid waste
Hexanes
Acetone
cleanup
Chromatography
Hexane
Quality assurance
acetone
agglomeration
Sulfuric acid
municipal solid waste
Gas chromatography
sulfuric acid

Keywords

  • detection in soil
  • GC-MS assay
  • incineration sources
  • TCDD, PCDDs, PCDFs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Detection of polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorodibenzofurans (PCDFs) in soil samples. / Berlincioni, Moreno; di Domenico, Alessandro; Fanelli, Roberto; Palma, Stefania; Zapponi, Giovanni.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 19, No. 1-6, 1989, p. 501-506.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Berlincioni, Moreno ; di Domenico, Alessandro ; Fanelli, Roberto ; Palma, Stefania ; Zapponi, Giovanni. / Detection of polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorodibenzofurans (PCDFs) in soil samples. In: Chemosphere. 1989 ; Vol. 19, No. 1-6. pp. 501-506.
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