Detection of resting-state functional connectivity from high-density electroencephalography data: Impact of head modeling strategies

Gaia Amaranta Taberna, Jessica Samogin, Marco Marino, Dante Mantini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent technological advances have been permitted to use high-density electroencephalography (hdEEG) for the estimation of functional connectivity and the mapping of resting-state networks (RSNs). The reliable estimate of activity and connectivity from hdEEG data relies on the creation of an accurate head model, defining how neural currents propagate from the cortex to the sensors placed over the scalp. To the best of our knowledge, no study has been conducted yet to systematically test to what extent head modeling accuracy impacts on EEG-RSN reconstruction. To address this question, we used 256-channel hdEEG data collected in a group of young healthy participants at rest. We first estimated functional connectivity in EEG-RSNs by means of band-limited power envelope correlations, using neural activity estimated with an optimized analysis workflow. Then, we defined a series of head models with different levels of complexity, specifically testing the effect of different electrode positioning techniques and head tissue segmentation methods. We observed that robust EEG-RSNs can be obtained using a realistic head model, and that inaccuracies due to head tissue segmentation impact on RSN reconstruction more than those due to electrode positioning. Additionally, we found that EEG-RSN robustness to head model variations had space and frequency specificity. Overall, our results may contribute to defining a benchmark for assessing the reliability of hdEEG functional connectivity measures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number741
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Electrode localization
  • Electroencephalography
  • Functional connectivity
  • Head modelling
  • Head tissue segmentation
  • Resting-state networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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