Detection of TET2 abnormalities by fluorescence in situ hybridization in 41 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

TET2 haplo-insufficiency occurs through different molecular mechanisms and is promptly revealed by array comparative genomic hybridization, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array, and next-generation sequencing (NGS). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) can effectively demonstrate TET2 deletions and is often used to validate molecular results. In the present study 41 MDS patients with and without 4q abnormalities were analyzed with a series of bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) probes spanning the 4q22.3-q25 region. On conventional cytogenetic (CC) studies, a structural defect of the long arm of chromosome 4 (4q) was observed in seven patients. In three, one each with a t(1;4)(p21;q24), an ins(5;4)(q23;q24qter), and a t(4;17)(q31;p13) as the sole chromosomal abnormality, FISH with the RP11-356L5 and RP11-16G16 probes, which cover the TET2 locus, produced one signal only. Unexpectedly, this same result was achieved in 3 of the remaining 34 patients. Thus, a TET2 deletion was observed in a total of six patients (14.6%). TET2 deletion was not correlated with any particular clinical findings or outcome. These findings demonstrate that 1) FISH is an effective and economical method to reveal cryptic abnormalities of band 4q22-q24 resulting in TET2 deletions; 2) in these patients, TET2 deletion is the unifying genetic event; and 3) the different breakpoints within the 4q22-q25 region suggest that deletions are not mediated by repetitive sequences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-294
Number of pages10
JournalCancer genetics
Volume205
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Conventional cytogenetics
  • FISH
  • MDS
  • TET2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

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