Determinants of Erectile Dysfunction Risk in a Large Series of Italian Men Attending Andrology Clinics

V. Mirone, E. Ricci, V. Gentile, C. Basile Fasolo, F. Parazzini, Massimo Calabrese, Giuseppe Di Cicco, Stefano Goldoni, Claudio Pento, Gaetano Scipioni, Romina Iantorno, Michele Nicolai, Raffaele Lanfranco Tenaglia, Lodovico Vaggi, Pasquale Annese, Vassallo Angela Vita Fiorentino, Vincenzo Ielapi, Giancardo Morrone, Petro Paolo Cozza, Giuseppe NigroDario Pariano, Vincenzo Sidari, Giuseppe Alberto Ventrice, Giuseppe Zumbo, Maurizio Carrino, Paolo Fedelini, Virgilio Cicalese, Antonio Cirillo, Diego D' Agostino, Ferdinando Fusco, Aldo Di Rienzo, Pierluigi Izzo, Oreste Varriale, Aldo Maffucci, Filippo Mazzarella, Ciro Imbimbo, Alessandro Palmiera, Stefano Pecoraro, Antonio Russo, Michelangelo Sorrentino, Vincenzo Tripodi, Aniello Zito, Carmelo Nobile, Mario Bianchi, Alessandro Mofferdin, Stefano Fiordelise, Antonio Raffaele Michele Granata, Gabriele Nunzio Irianni, Carlo Lusenti, Carlo Maretti, Armando Maver, Edoardo Pescatori, Antonio Barbieri, Fabio Modenini, Fulvio Poletti, Giovanni Vitali, Marzio Zoli, Giuseppe Severini, Pasquale Scarano, Giancarlo Basunti, Alessandro Bertaccini, Marcello Soli, Stefano Zaganelli, Vincenzo Tellarini, Gianni Ughi, Enrico Vaccari, Teo Zenico, Giovanni Liguori, Gianfranco Savoca, Emanuele Belgrano, Massimo Capone, Sandro Ciampalini, Stefano Ciciliato, Attilio Bettin, Stefano Bucci, Lorenzo Buttazzi, Carlo Trombetta, Giovanni Alei, Giorgio Franco, Marco Bitelli, Rocco Bulzomì, Fabio Ferro, Antonino Cardella, Gaetano Carlomagno, Alessandro Casini, Mario Catarinella, Francesco Corvese, Filippo De Pasquale, Luigi Di Luigi, Maria Carla Di Trapano, Leonardo Marchionni, Gianfranco D'Ottavio, Stefano Travaglia, Attilio Guerani, Giuseppe La Pera, Stefano Lauretii, Guglielmo Mazzoni, Paolo Maria Michetti, Giuseppe Nucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess determinants of ED in men who asked for a free of charge andrologic consultation during a week focused on andrologic prevention in Italy. Methods: Men were invited to attend 178 participating andrology centers for a free of charge visit for counselling about urologic or andrologic conditions. Data were recorded with a simple questionnaire used by all centers. Results: 2499 (19.9%) were diagnosed having ED. The frequency of ED increased with age, ranging from 4.6% in men under 25 years, to 37.6% in men over 74. In comparison with men with primary education the OR of ED was 0.8 (95% CI 0.7-0.9) in men with secondary education and 0.7 (95% CI 0.6-0.9) in those with university degree. After adjusting for age, the risk of ED was significantly higher in men consuming more than 3 glasses/day of alcoholic drinking (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.1-2.0), in subjects smoking more than 10 cigarettes/day (OR 1.2, CI 95% 1.1-1.4) and in former smokers (OR 1.2, CI 95% 1.1-1.4). Men performing at least two hours per week of physical activity had a decreased risk of ED (OR 0.8, CI 95% 0.7-0.9). We found an increased risk of ED in men with diabetes (OR 1.2, 95% CI 1.1-1.4), hypertension (OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.1-1.4), cardiopathy (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.3-1.8) and hypercholesterolemia (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.2-1.6). Conclusions: This study provides further data on determinants of ED risk in a large data set and underlines the relationship between ED and cardiovascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-91
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Urology
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Risk factor
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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