Among the healthy elderly, sit-to-stand (STS) movement largely depends on: (a) trunk bending momentum, (b) centre of gravity (CG) position before the body rises and (c) lower limb extensor muscle strength. Because determining whether (c) improvement would affect STS capability in the motor impaired elderly (MIE) has been recommended, we studied the relative importance of (a), (b) and (c) in determining a successful fast STS movement comparing the healthy elderly with MIE with orthopaedic disorders studied before and after a rehabilitation program. Force platform was used to measure body's posture and kinematics during a STS test and therefore to assess (a), (b) and maximum vertical velocity (VVpeak), assumed as outcome measurement. Knee extensor maximal isometric voluntary contraction normalized by body mass (nMVC) was an indicator of (c). A multiple regression model was built to predict VVpeak from the three determinants of STS movement. In both groups, the model significantly determined VVpeak, with (a) and (c) being significant predictors of VVpeak and (a) being the major predictor. Rehabilitation was effective in improving nMVC. This process resulted in a change of the relative importance of (a) and (c), strength becoming the major predictor of VVpeak. In conclusion the present study demonstrates that a rehabilitative intervention aimed at increasing strength is effective in improving STS capability in MIE.
- Isometric contraction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine