Determination of plasma [6,6-2H2]glucose enrichment by a simple and accurate gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method

F. Magni, L. Monti, P. Brambilla, R. Poma, G. Pozza, M. Galli Kienle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


An improved method for the evaluation of glucose turnover rate in humans, using a prime-continuous infusion of [6,6-2H2]glucose, was developed. Deproteinization of plasma and conversion of glucose into the aldononitrile pentaacetate derivative are the only sample manipulations required prior to the gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis. In six normal adults (prime = 5 mg kg-1; continuous infusion = 0.05 mg kg-1 min-1) the hepatic glucose output calculated at steady state by the procedure described here was 2.1 ± 0.2 mg kg-1 min-1, the isotopic enrichment being determined with a coefficient of variation of ca. 2%. In six additional subjects, with half of the above-mentioned doses of labelled glucose, the mean hepatic glucose output was exactly the same (3.2% coefficient of variation for the isotopic enrichment measurement). The method described allows the hepatic glucose output to be precisely determined with savings both of time and of labelled glucose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-131
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 3 1992


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine

Cite this