Determination of urinary mercapturic acids of styrene in man by high-performance chromatography with fluorescence detection

Luciano Maestri, Sergio Ghittor, Marcello Imbriani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A method for the determination of urinary N-acetyl-S-(1-phenyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine (M1) and N-acetyl-S-(2-phenyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine (M2) in man was developed. Clean-up of urine samples was obtained by a chromatographic technique, using a short reversed-phase precolumn; purified samples were then deacetylated with porcine acylase I for 16 h at 37°C and deproteinized by centrifugal ultrafiltration. Derivatization was performed with o-phthaldialdehyde and 2-mercaptoethanol and the fluorescent derivatives were separated on a reversed-phase analytical column with a gradient mobile phase consisting of 50 mM acetate buffer (pH 6.5) and methanol. The retention times of the diastereoisomers of M1 (M1-'S' and M1-'R') were 52.8 and 73.7 min, respectively; M2 diastereoisomers eluted as a single peak at 70.5 min. The fluorescence detector was set at 330 nm (excitation) and 440 nm (emission). The detection limit (at a signal-to-noise ratio of three) was about 7 μg/l. The method was applied to 25 urine samples from workers exposed to styrene. A relationship was found between urinary mandelic and phenylglyoxylic acids and mercapturic acids specific for styrene. Urine samples from ten non-exposed subjects showed no detectable amounts of analytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-394
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Applications
Volume687
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 13 1996

Keywords

  • Mercapturic acid
  • Styrene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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