Developing wearable bio-feedback systems: A general-purpose platform

Luigi Bianchi, Fabio Babiloni, Febo Cincotti, Marco Arrivas, Patrizio Bollero, Maria Grazia Marciani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Microprocessors, even those in PocketPCs, have adequate power for many real-time biofeedback applications for disabled people. This power allows design of portable or wearable devices that are smaller and lighter, and that have longer battery life compared to notebook-based systems. In this paper, we discuss a general-purpose hardware/software solution based on industrial or consumer devices and a C++ framework. Its flexibility and modularity make it adaptable to a wide range of situations. Moreover, its design minimizes system requirements and programming effort, thus allowing efficient systems to be built quickly and easily. Our design has been used to build two brain computer interface systems that were easily ported from the Win32 platform.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-119
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003


  • Augmentative communication
  • Biofeedback (BF)
  • Biofeedback in C++ (BF++)
  • Brain-computer interface (BCI)
  • Wearable devices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Health Professions(all)


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