AKI is associated with increased risk of death, prolonged length of stay and development of de-novo chronic kidney disease. The aim of our study is the development and validation of prediction models to identify the risk of AKI in ICU patients up to 7 days. We retrospectively recruited 692 consecutive patients admitted to the ICU at San Bortolo Hospital (Vicenza, Italy) from 1 June 2016 to 31 March 2017: 455 patients were treated as the derivation group and 237 as the validation group. Candidate variables were selected based on a literature review and expert opinion. Admission eGFR< 90 ml/min /1.73 mq (OR 2.78; 95% CI 1.78–4.35; p<0.001); SOFAcv 2 (OR 2.23; 95% CI 1.48–3.37; p<0.001); lactate 2 mmol/L (OR 1.81; 95% CI 1.19–2.74; p = 0.005) and (TIMP-2)•(IGFBP7) 0.3 (OR 1.65; 95% CI 1.08–2.52; p = 0.019) were significantly associated with AKI. For the q-AKI score, we stratified patients into different AKI Risk score levels: 0–2; 3–4; 5–6; 7–8 and 9–10. In both cohorts, we observed that the proportion of AKI patients was higher in the higher score levels.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)