Il Primary Care Screener for Affective Disorders (PC-SAD), un nuovo strumento per lo screening dei disturbi depressivi: Sviluppo e validazione della versione Italiana

Translated title of the contribution: Development and validation of the Italian version of the Primary Care Screener for Affective Disorders (PC-SAD), a new depression screening tool

Angelo Picardi, David A. Adler, Damiano Abeni, Hong Chang, William H. Rogers, Kathleen M. Bungay, Daniela Bitetti, Simone Bolli, Giovanni Fassone, Eva Mazzotti, Ilaria Lega, Luisa Ramieri, Emanuele Sagoni, Paolo Pasquini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction. Depressive disorders are frequent and are associated with increased mortality, disability, and secondary morbidity. However, they are often not recognised and adequately treated. There is a need for valid screeners, suitable for routine use. The objective of this study was to develope an Italian version of the questionnaire 'Primary Care Screener for Affective Disorders' (PC-SAD) and to test its validity against the SCID-I. Methods. We studied inpatient aged 18-65 years, free from dementia and cognitive impairment. Patients completed the PC-SAD shortly after admission, then they were administered the SCID-I within 48 hours by a trained physician, unaware of the questionnaire results. Sensitivity and specificity of the PC-SAD were computed, with the SCID-I as criterion standard. Results. The analysis was performed on 148 patients with complete data. The SCID-I-diagnosed prevalence of major depression and dysthymia was 8.1% and 6.8%, respectively. For Dysthymic Disorder, the sensitivity and specifity were 50% and 96%, respectively. Discussion. The PC-SAD is a brief, self-administered instrument which is suitable for routine use. Our findings provide evidence of the validity of the Italian version of the PC-SAD to screen for major depression, and they suggest that it can also be useful to screen for dysthymia.

Translated title of the contributionDevelopment and validation of the Italian version of the Primary Care Screener for Affective Disorders (PC-SAD), a new depression screening tool
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)323-332
Number of pages10
JournalRivista di Psichiatria
Volume38
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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