Development of an experimental model for studying bladder carcinogen metabolism using the isolated rat urinary bladder

L. Airoldi, M. Bonfanti, C. Magagnotti, R. Fanelli

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The isolated rat urinary bladder was used to study this organ's capacity to metabolize chemical carcinogens. In our experimental conditions, the urinary bladder carcinogen N-nitrosobutyl(4-hydroxybutyl)amine was oxidized to N-nitrosobutyl(3-carboxypropyl)amine. A time-dependent increase was observed in the amount of N-nitrosobutyl(3-carboxypropyl)amine formed and simultaneous disappearance of N-nitrosobutyl(4-hydroxybutyl)amine added, indicating that the bladder can metabolize N-nitrosobutyl(4-hydroxybutyl)amine to the metabolite considered responsible for tumor induction in the urinary bladder of laboratory animals. At 15, 30, 60, and 120 min the percentages of N-nitrosobutyl(3-carboxypropyl)amine formed were 11, 22, 36, and 64%, respectively, and 62, 48, 37, and 26% of N-nitrosobutyl(4-hydroxybutyl)amine remained unchanged. When N-nitrosodibutylamine was introduced into the isolated urinary bladder and incubated for 120 min, its oxidized metabolites N-nitrosobutyl(4-hydroxybutyl)amine and N-nitrosobutyl(3-carboxypropyl)amine were formed, amounting to, respectively, 0.13 and 0.06% of the substrate added. The glucuronide of N-nitrosobutyl(4-hydroxybutyl)amine was incubated in the isolated rat urinary bladder both as a buffer and as a urine solution in order to detect cellular and urinary β-glucuronidase activity. In both systems N-nitrosobutyl(4-hydroxybutyl)amine released was about 1% and 4 h and this percentage did not increase at 6 h. N-Nitrosobutyl(3-carboxypropyl)amine was detectable at 2 h and reached 0.2% of the substrate incubated at 6 h. The results indicate that the urinary bladder may play a role in activating bladder carcinogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3697-3700
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Research
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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