Development of chicken embryos exposed to an intermittent horizontal sinusoidal 50 Hz magnetic field

A. Veicsteinas, M. Belleri, A. Cinquetti, S. Parolini, G. Barbato, M. P. Molinari Tosatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effects of intermittent exposure (2 h on/22 h off) to a 200 μT horizontal, sinusoidally oscillating (50 Hz) magnetic field were studied in 210 fertilized chicken eggs. Two hundred ten control eggs (shamexposed) were incubated in the same chamber as the experimental eggs. Chick embryos were examined for developmental anomalies and maturity stage after 48 h of incubation. Immunohistochemical analysis of extracellular membrane components (laminin, fibronectin, and type IV collagen) were conducted on day 7 and histological examinations for malformations of brain, liver, and heart, on days 7, 12, and 18 of incubation. Furthermore, egg fertility and egg weights were evaluated on days 2, 7, 12, and 18. The investigation also measured the body weight of chickens for 90 days from hatching and included histological analysis of body organs. Each variable was investigated blind. Statistical comparison between exposed and sham-exposed values did not show significant differences in any of the variables investigated. Thus, it appears that the exposure of embryos to an intermittent 200 μT magnetic field at 50 Hz does not cause developmental anomalies, changes in maturity stage, alterations in distribution of extracellular membrane components, or malformations in the brain, liver, or heart. Moreover, there were no differences in body weight, morphology, or histology of central nervous system, liver, heart, or testis in 90-day-old chickens hatched from exposed in comparison to sham-exposed eggs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-424
Number of pages14
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1996


  • Basement membrane
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Growth curve
  • Intermittent exposure
  • Malformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Biophysics


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