Development of Locomotor-Related Movements in Early Infancy

Arthur H. Dewolf, Francesca Sylos Labini, Yury Ivanenko, Francesco Lacquaniti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This mini-review focuses on the emergence of locomotor-related movements in early infancy. In particular, we consider multiples precursor behaviors of locomotion as a manifestation of the development of the neuronal networks and their link in the establishment of precocious locomotor skills. Despite the large variability of motor behavior observed in human babies, as in animals, afferent information is already processed to shape the behavior to specific situations and environments. Specifically, we argue that the closed-loop interaction between the neural output and the physical dynamics of the mechanical system should be considered to explore the complexity and flexibility of pattern generation in human and animal neonates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number623759
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Publication statusPublished - Jan 21 2021


  • complexity and flexibility of CPGs
  • early development of locomotion
  • early responsiveness
  • locomotor precursors
  • sensory modulation of movement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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