Development of navigational working memory: Evidence from 6- to 10-year-old children

Laura Piccardi, Marina Leonzi, Simonetta D'Amico, Assunta Marano, Cecilia Guariglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The ability to learn complex environments may require the contribution of different types of working memory. Therefore, we investigated the development of different types of working memory (navigational, reaching, and verbal) in 129 typically developing children. We aimed to determine whether navigational working memory develops at the same rate as other types of working memory and whether the gender differences reported in adults are already present during development. We found that navigational working memory is less developed than both verbal and reaching working memory and that gender predicts performance only for navigational working memory. Our results are in line with reports that children made significantly more errors in far space than adults, showing that near space representation develops before far space representation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-217
Number of pages13
JournalBritish Journal of Developmental Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Extrapersonal space
  • Human navigation
  • Large-scale space
  • Spatial representation
  • Spatial working memory
  • Topographical orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of navigational working memory: Evidence from 6- to 10-year-old children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this