Development of the PERI-Gastric (PEritoneal Recurrence Index) and PERI-Gram (Peritoneal Recurrence Index NomoGRAM) for predicting the risk of metachronous peritoneal carcinomatosis after gastrectomy with curative intent for gastric cancer

Annamaria Agnes, Alberto Biondi, Roberto Persiani, Antonio Laurino, Rossella Reddavid, Maurizio De Giuli, Federico Sicoli, Ferdinando Cananzi, Stefano De Pascale, Uberto Fumagalli, Federica Galli, Stefano Rausei, Laura Lorenzon, Domenico D’Ugo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: A model that quantifies the risk of peritoneal recurrence would be a useful tool for improving decision-making in patients undergoing curative-aim gastrectomy for gastric cancer (GC). Methods: Five Italian centers participated in this study. Two risk scores were created according to the two most widely used pathologic classifications of GC (the Lauren classification and the presence of signet-ring-cell features). The risk scores (the PERI-Gastric 1 and 2) were based on the results of multivariable logistic regressions and presented as nomograms (the PERI-Gram 1 and 2). Discrimination was assessed with the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating curves. Calibration graphs were constructed by plotting the actual versus the predicted rate of peritoneal recurrence. Internal validation was performed with a bootstrap resampling method (1000 iterations). Results: The models were developed based on a population of 645 patients (selected from 1580 patients treated from 1998 to 2018). In the PERI-Gastric 1, significant variables were linitis plastica, stump GC, pT3–4, pN2–3 and the Lauren diffuse histotype, while in the PERI-Gastric 2, significant variables were linitis plastica, stump GC, pT3–4, pN2–3 and the presence of signet-ring cells. The AUC was 0,828 (0.778–0.877) for the PERI-Gastric 1 and 0,805 (0.755–0.855) for the PERI-Gastric 2. After bootstrap resampling, the PERI-Gastric 1 had a mean AUC of 0.775 (0.721–0.830) and a 95%CI estimate for the calibration slope of 0.852–1.505 and the PERI-Gastric 2 a mean AUC of 0.749 (0.693–0.805) and a 95%CI estimate for the slope of 0.777–1.351. The models are available at www.perigastric.org. Conclusions: We developed the PERI-Gastric and the PERI-Gram as instruments to determine the risk of peritoneal recurrence after curative-aim gastrectomy. These models could direct the administration of prophylactic intraperitoneal treatments.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGastric Cancer
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Gastric cancer
  • HIPEC
  • Nomogram
  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Cancer Research

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