Dysferlin plays an essential role in the muscle repair machinery, and its deficiency is associated with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B and with two different distal myopathies (Miyoshi myopathy and distal anterior compartment myopathy). Our aims were to characterize the pattern of dysferlin expression during myogenic cell differentiation and to assess possible differentially spliced isoforms of the DYSF gene. Human primary myogenic cells express a splice variant of dysferlin mRNA lacking exon 17 (A17), together with full-length dysferlin mRNA. Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of human myoblasts, myotubes, and normal skeletal muscle showed that A17 expression inversely correlates with muscle differentiation. Indeed, A17 is progressively replaced by the wild type as myoblast fusion proceeds, and it disappears in adult skeletal muscle. Conversely, A17 is the predominant dysferlin variant in mature peripheral nerve. Our findings suggest that the two proteins play different roles in myogenic cell differentiation and that dysferlin function in peripheral nerve might be accomplished by this novel isoform.
- Bidimensional electrophoresis
- Splicing mechanism
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology