Developmental care, neonatal behavior and postnatal maternal depressive symptomatology predict internalizing problems at 18 months for very preterm children

R. Montirosso, L. Giusti, P. De Carli, E. Tronick, R. Borgatti, NEO-ACQUA Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective:To provide a prospective developmental model for behavioral outcomes in preterm infants in relation to developmental care (DC) practices and postnatal maternal depression.Study design:A longitudinal, multicenter, follow-up study conducted in 25 Italian tertiary neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Participants were 162 healthy very preterm infants and their mothers. The level of quality of DC was assessed for each hospital. Infant's neurobehavioral profile was evaluated twice: at discharge (T1) and at 18 months for behavioral problems (T3). Maternal depressive symptomatology was measured at T1 and at 6 months (T2).Results:Low-quality DC in NICUs was associated with lower levels of infant neurobehavioral adaptability and higher levels of maternal depressive symptoms. Maternal depressive symptomatology in conjunction with higher infant dysregulation predicted more internalizing problems at 18 months of age.Conclusion:DC interventions and postnatal maternal depression, as well as infant behavior have an impact on short- and long-term infant outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-195
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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