Developmental dyslexia with and without language impairment: ERPs reveal qualitative differences in morphosyntactic processing

Chiara Cantiani, Maria Luisa Lorusso, Paolo Perego, Massimo Molteni, Maria Teresa Guasti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study aimed to characterize neuropsychological and linguistic skills in children with Developmental Dyslexia (DD) with and without Language Impairment (LI). Behavioral tests of short-term memory, phonemic awareness, and morphosyntactic processing and electrophysiological responses to agreement violations were administered to 32 DD children (16 with additional LI) and 16 controls. Behavioral data revealed quantitative differences among groups: DD+LI children showed the worst performance, followed by DD-only children and controls. Event-related potential results confirmed atypical morphosyntactic processing in the DD-only group, highlighting qualitative differences between groups. These results support multifactor models of learning disabilities, where different patterns of deficits characterize different subgroups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-312
Number of pages22
JournalDevelopmental Neuropsychology
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 4 2015

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this