The electrophoretic pattern of phosphoglycerate mutase of adult innervated normal human muscle is composed predominantly of the muscle-specific isozyme, whereas the electrophoretic pattern of aneurally cultured human muscle is composed only of the brain-specific isozyme. We studied the transition of the isozymes (phosphogluterate mutase) in human muscle cultured in monolayer and innervated for 20 to 83 days by rat embryo spinal cord explants. In this culture system, regions of innervated muscle fibers in close proximity to the ventral part of the spinal cord explant continuously contracted and the contractions were reversibly blocked by 1 mM d-tubocurarine. In those innervated cultured human muscle fibers, the total activity of phosphoglycerate mutase was increased and the muscle-specific isozyme was expressed. The amount of muscle-specific isozyme directly correlated with the duration of innervation. This study demonstrated that expression of the gene for the muscle-specific isozyme of phosphoglycerate mutase in human muscle cultured in monolayer is influenced by de novo innervation.
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