Developmental plasticity of rat cerebellar cortex after cisplatin injury: Inhibitory synapses and differentiating Purkinje neurons

M. B. Pisu, E. Roda, D. Avella, G. Bernocchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A single injection of cisplatin, a cytostatic agent, (5 μg/g body weight) in 10-day old rats leads later to the reorganization of the cerebellar cortex in lobules VI-VIII of the vermis. Double immunofluorescence reaction for glutamate receptor (GluR)2/3, a ionotropic glutamate receptor that labels postsynaptically Purkinje neurons, and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)65, an isoform of the GABA synthesis enzyme that labels presynaptically inhibitory terminals in the molecular layer, were employed. Less-differentiated Purkinje cells were present in rats treated on postnatal day (PD)11 at the top of lobule VI and in lobules VII-VIII, in comparison with the deep zones of the same lobules and lobule III. The changes were interpreted as due to loss of trophic factors of Purkinje cell growth, e.g. signaling molecules and granule cells. However, we have shown that a remodelling of Purkinje cell dendrites occurred on PD30 (20 days after cisplatin). In fact, despite of the GluR2/3 labeling of the entire Purkinje cell dendrites, the GAD65 immunofluorescent terminals were adjacent to the proximal parts of the dendrite, while they were scarce in the distal dendritic branchlets. The findings were discussed in relation to the changed cytoarchitecture of the cerebellar cortex, which from PD17 to PD30 includes regeneration of the external germinal layer, reorientation of the main dendritic branches and of the Purkinje cell branchlets, and the presence of ectopic cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-664
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroscience
Volume129
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • double immunofluorescence
  • drug injury
  • GAD65
  • GluR2/3 receptor
  • postnatal cerebellar development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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