Device-detected atrial fibrillation and risk for stroke: An analysis of >10 000 patients from the SOS AF project (Stroke preventiOn Strategies based on Atrial Fibrillation information from implanted devices)

Giuseppe Boriani, Taya V. Glotzer, Massimo Santini, Teena M. West, Mirko De Melis, Milan Sepsi, Maurizio Gasparini, Thorsten Lewalter, John A. Camm, Daniel E. Singer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to assess the association between maximum daily atrial fibrillation (AF) burden and risk of ischaemic stroke.BackgroundCardiac implanted electronic devices (CIEDs) enhance detection of AF, providing a comprehensive measure of AF burden.Design, setting, and patientsA pooled analysis of individual patient data from five prospective studies was performed. Patients without permanent AF, previously implanted with CIEDs, were included if they had at least 3 months of follow-up. A total of 10 016 patients (median age 70 years) met these criteria. The risk of ischaemic stroke associated with pre-specified cut-off points of AF burden (5 min, 1, 6, 12, and 23 h, respectively) was assessed.ResultsDuring a median follow-up of 24 months, 43% of 10 016 patients experienced at least 1 day with at least 5 min of AF burden and for them the median time to the maximum AF burden was 6 months (inter-quartile range: 1.3-14). A Cox regression analysis adjusted for the CHADS2 score and anticoagulants at baseline demonstrated that AF burden was an independent predictor of ischaemic stroke. Among the thresholds of AF burden that we evaluated, 1 h was associated with the highest hazard ratio (HR) for ischaemic stroke, i.e. 2.11 (95% CI: 1.22-3.64, P = 0.008).ConclusionsDevice-detected AF burden is associated with an increased risk of ischaemic stroke in a relatively unselected population of CIEDs patients. This finding may add to the basis for timely and clinically appropriate decision-making on anticoagulation treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)508-516
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 21 2014

Keywords

  • Anticoagulation
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Implantable defibrillator
  • Pacemaker
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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