Diabetes and non-traumatic lower extremity amputation in a region of central Italy

Fabio Romagnoli, F. Carle, M. Beomi, R. Gesuita, M. Scaradozzi, G. Bandoni, P. Fumelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As stated in the St. Vincent Declaration, the reduction of the number of lower extremity amputations (LEA) is one of the major targets in diabetes care. Little information on the prevalence of this complication is available in Italy at present. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of diabetes on LEA in a region of central Italy. The regional database of hospital discharge records was used to identify all the cases of non-traumatic LEA (Nt-LEA) that had occurred in 1997 and 1998. Diagnosis of diabetes and the type of surgical intervention were defined on the basis of the medical records. Amputations were categorised as minor or major according to the level of the surgical procedure. The duration of hospitalisation was used to analyse the impact of diabetes on the health care system. Prevalence of diabetes in people who underwent Nt-LEA was 55.9% and it was similar in patients who underwent minor or major amputation (58.7 and 55.0%, respectively). No difference between diabetic and non-diabetic patients was observed as regards sex, level of amputation and duration of hospitalisation. Age was the only predictor of diabetes in amputees. The lack of specific protocols for diabetes foot care or a non-homogeneous application of these protocols in the health care service could account for a similar prevalence of diabetes among patients who underwent minor or major amputation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-159
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes, Nutrition and Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental
Volume16
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003

Keywords

  • Amputation
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

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    Romagnoli, F., Carle, F., Beomi, M., Gesuita, R., Scaradozzi, M., Bandoni, G., & Fumelli, P. (2003). Diabetes and non-traumatic lower extremity amputation in a region of central Italy. Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental, 16(3), 155-159.