OBJECTIVE - Autoantibodies to IA-2β (IA-2βA) are important risk markers of type 1 diabetes. We report the first Diabetes Antibody Standardization Program(DASP) evaluation of IA-2βA assays. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Thirteen laboratories from nine countries received coded sera from 50 patients with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes and 100 healthy blood donors. IA-2βA results were analyzed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Concordance of antibody levels was compared using counts per minute (cpm), local and standard curve-derived common units. RESULTS - Median laboratory-assigned sensitivity was 47% (interquartile range [IQR] 45-51), specificity 98% (IQR 95-99), adjusted sensitivity at 95% specificity 50% (IQR 49-53), and area under the ROC curve 0.70 (IQR 0.69-0.73). Use of common IA-2βA units improved concordance between assays compared with local units and cpm (P <0.0001). CONCLUSIONS - IA-2βA assays in multiple laboratories worldwide achieved good concordance and high specificity for type 1 diabetes. IA-2βA are suitable for inclusion in autoantibody testing for risk assessment in prediabetes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialised Nursing