Diabetes induces a transcriptional signature in bone marrow– derived CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells predictive of their progeny dysfunction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) participate in cardiovascular (CV) homeo-stasis and generate different types of blood cells including lymphoid and myeloid cells. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is characterized by chronic increase of pro-inflammatory mediators, which play an important role in the development of CV disease, and increased susceptibility to infections. Here, we aimed to evaluate the impact of DM on the transcriptional profile of HSPCs derived from bone marrow (BM). Total RNA of BM-derived CD34+ stem cells purified from sternal biopsies of patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery with or without DM (CAD and CAD-DM patients) was se-quenced. The results evidenced 10566 expressed genes whose 79% were protein-coding genes, and 21% non-coding RNA. We identified 139 differentially expressed genes (p-value < 0.05 and |log2 FC| > 0.5) between the two comparing groups of CAD and CAD-DM patients. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), based on Gene Ontology biological processes (GO-BP) terms, led to the identification of fourteen overrepresented biological categories in CAD-DM samples. Most of the biological processes were related to lymphocyte activation, chemotaxis, peptidase activity, and innate immune response. Specifically, HSPCs from CAD-DM patients displayed reduced expression of genes coding for proteins regulating antibacterial and antivirus host defense as well as macrophage differentiation and lymphocyte emigration, proliferation, and differentiation. However, within the same biological processes, a consistent number of inflammatory genes coding for chemokines and cytokines were up-regulated. Our findings suggest that DM induces transcriptional alterations in HSPCs, which are potentially responsible of progeny dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1423
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2 2021

Keywords

  • Bone marrow
  • CD34, transcriptional profile
  • Diabetes
  • Hematopoietic stem cells
  • Inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Diabetes induces a transcriptional signature in bone marrow– derived CD34<sup>+</sup> hematopoietic stem cells predictive of their progeny dysfunction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this