Diabetes insipidus in craniopharyngioma: Postoperative management of water and electrolyte disorders

Stefano Ghirardello, Neil Hopper, Assunta Albanese, Mohamad Maghnie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pre-operative central diabetes insipidus has been reported in 8-35% of patients affected with craniopharyngioma, and in 70-90% after surgery. The management of postoperative polyuria and polydipsia can be challenging and fluid balance needs to be closely monitored. The classical triphasic pattern of endogenous vasopressin secretion - an initial phase of symptomatic diabetes insipidus occurring 24 hours after surgery; a second phase of inappropriate vasopressin secretion potentially causing hyponatraemia; and a third phase with a return to diabetes insipidus occurring up to 2 weeks later - is often complicated by cerebral salt wasting and thirst disorders. Inadequate adrenal replacement therapy and anticonvulsant agent treatment may increase the risk of life-threatening hyponatraemia in the course of desmopressin (DDAVP) treatment. Appropriate management, in order to avoid life-threatening or disabling electrolyte disturbances, requires a good grasp of the relevant pathophysiology. We review here the pathophysiology and management of the multiple fluid disorders encountered following surgery for craniopharyngiomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-421
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume19
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Diabetes
  • Insipidus
  • Surgical complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Diabetes insipidus in craniopharyngioma: Postoperative management of water and electrolyte disorders'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this