Diabetic kidney disease in the elderly

prevalence and clinical correlates

AMD-Annals Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major burden in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR+, < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and albuminuria (Alb+) are essential for the diagnosis of DKD, but their association with clinical variables and quality of care may be influenced by ageing.

METHODS: Here we investigated the association of clinical variables and quality of care measures with eGFR+ and Alb+ in 157,595 T2DM individuals participating to the Italian Association of Clinical Diabetologists (AMD) Annals Initiative, stratified by age.

RESULTS: The prevalence of eGFR+ and Alb+ increased with ageing, although this increment was more pronounced for low eGFR. Irrespective of age, both the eGFR+ and Alb + groups had the worst risk factors profile when compared to subjects without renal disease, showing a higher prevalence of out-of target values of HbA1c, BMI, triglycerides, HDL-C, blood pressure and more complex cardiovascular (CVD) and anti-diabetic therapies, including a larger use of insulin In all age groups, these associations differed according to the specific renal outcome examined: male sex and smoking were positively associated with Alb+ and negatively with eGFR+; age and anti-hypertensive therapies were more strongly associated with eGFR+, glucose control with Alb+, whereas BMI, and lipid-related variables with both abnormalities. All these associations were attenuated in the older (> 75 years) as compared to the younger groups (< 65 years; 65-75 years), and they were confirmed by multivariate analysis. Notably, Q-score values < 15, indicating a low quality of care, were strongly associated with Alb+ (OR 8.54; P < 0.001), but not with eGFR+.

CONCLUSIONS: In T2DM patients, the prevalence of both eGFR and Albuminuria increase with age. DKD is associated with poor cardiovascular risk profile and a lower quality of care, although these associations are influenced by the type of renal abnormality and by ageing. These data indicate that clinical surveillance of DKD should not be unerestimated in old T2DM patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2 2018

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Diabetic Nephropathies
Quality of Health Care
Albuminuria
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Multivariate Analysis
Kidney

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Albuminuria/diagnosis
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis
  • Diabetic Nephropathies/diagnosis
  • ErbB Receptors/blood
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate/physiology
  • Humans
  • Italy/epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Triglycerides/blood

Cite this

Diabetic kidney disease in the elderly : prevalence and clinical correlates. / AMD-Annals Study Group.

In: BMC Geriatrics, Vol. 18, No. 1, 02.02.2018, p. 38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

AMD-Annals Study Group. / Diabetic kidney disease in the elderly : prevalence and clinical correlates. In: BMC Geriatrics. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 1. pp. 38.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major burden in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR+, < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and albuminuria (Alb+) are essential for the diagnosis of DKD, but their association with clinical variables and quality of care may be influenced by ageing.METHODS: Here we investigated the association of clinical variables and quality of care measures with eGFR+ and Alb+ in 157,595 T2DM individuals participating to the Italian Association of Clinical Diabetologists (AMD) Annals Initiative, stratified by age.RESULTS: The prevalence of eGFR+ and Alb+ increased with ageing, although this increment was more pronounced for low eGFR. Irrespective of age, both the eGFR+ and Alb + groups had the worst risk factors profile when compared to subjects without renal disease, showing a higher prevalence of out-of target values of HbA1c, BMI, triglycerides, HDL-C, blood pressure and more complex cardiovascular (CVD) and anti-diabetic therapies, including a larger use of insulin In all age groups, these associations differed according to the specific renal outcome examined: male sex and smoking were positively associated with Alb+ and negatively with eGFR+; age and anti-hypertensive therapies were more strongly associated with eGFR+, glucose control with Alb+, whereas BMI, and lipid-related variables with both abnormalities. All these associations were attenuated in the older (> 75 years) as compared to the younger groups (< 65 years; 65-75 years), and they were confirmed by multivariate analysis. Notably, Q-score values < 15, indicating a low quality of care, were strongly associated with Alb+ (OR 8.54; P < 0.001), but not with eGFR+.CONCLUSIONS: In T2DM patients, the prevalence of both eGFR and Albuminuria increase with age. DKD is associated with poor cardiovascular risk profile and a lower quality of care, although these associations are influenced by the type of renal abnormality and by ageing. These data indicate that clinical surveillance of DKD should not be unerestimated in old T2DM patients.",
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author = "{AMD-Annals Study Group} and Russo, {Giuseppina T} and {De Cosmo}, Salvatore and Francesca Viazzi and Antonio Mirijello and Antonio Ceriello and Pietro Guida and Carlo Giorda and Domenico Cucinotta and Roberto Pontremoli and Paola Fioretto",
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T1 - Diabetic kidney disease in the elderly

T2 - prevalence and clinical correlates

AU - AMD-Annals Study Group

AU - Russo, Giuseppina T

AU - De Cosmo, Salvatore

AU - Viazzi, Francesca

AU - Mirijello, Antonio

AU - Ceriello, Antonio

AU - Guida, Pietro

AU - Giorda, Carlo

AU - Cucinotta, Domenico

AU - Pontremoli, Roberto

AU - Fioretto, Paola

PY - 2018/2/2

Y1 - 2018/2/2

N2 - BACKGROUND: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major burden in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR+, < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and albuminuria (Alb+) are essential for the diagnosis of DKD, but their association with clinical variables and quality of care may be influenced by ageing.METHODS: Here we investigated the association of clinical variables and quality of care measures with eGFR+ and Alb+ in 157,595 T2DM individuals participating to the Italian Association of Clinical Diabetologists (AMD) Annals Initiative, stratified by age.RESULTS: The prevalence of eGFR+ and Alb+ increased with ageing, although this increment was more pronounced for low eGFR. Irrespective of age, both the eGFR+ and Alb + groups had the worst risk factors profile when compared to subjects without renal disease, showing a higher prevalence of out-of target values of HbA1c, BMI, triglycerides, HDL-C, blood pressure and more complex cardiovascular (CVD) and anti-diabetic therapies, including a larger use of insulin In all age groups, these associations differed according to the specific renal outcome examined: male sex and smoking were positively associated with Alb+ and negatively with eGFR+; age and anti-hypertensive therapies were more strongly associated with eGFR+, glucose control with Alb+, whereas BMI, and lipid-related variables with both abnormalities. All these associations were attenuated in the older (> 75 years) as compared to the younger groups (< 65 years; 65-75 years), and they were confirmed by multivariate analysis. Notably, Q-score values < 15, indicating a low quality of care, were strongly associated with Alb+ (OR 8.54; P < 0.001), but not with eGFR+.CONCLUSIONS: In T2DM patients, the prevalence of both eGFR and Albuminuria increase with age. DKD is associated with poor cardiovascular risk profile and a lower quality of care, although these associations are influenced by the type of renal abnormality and by ageing. These data indicate that clinical surveillance of DKD should not be unerestimated in old T2DM patients.

AB - BACKGROUND: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a major burden in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR+, < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and albuminuria (Alb+) are essential for the diagnosis of DKD, but their association with clinical variables and quality of care may be influenced by ageing.METHODS: Here we investigated the association of clinical variables and quality of care measures with eGFR+ and Alb+ in 157,595 T2DM individuals participating to the Italian Association of Clinical Diabetologists (AMD) Annals Initiative, stratified by age.RESULTS: The prevalence of eGFR+ and Alb+ increased with ageing, although this increment was more pronounced for low eGFR. Irrespective of age, both the eGFR+ and Alb + groups had the worst risk factors profile when compared to subjects without renal disease, showing a higher prevalence of out-of target values of HbA1c, BMI, triglycerides, HDL-C, blood pressure and more complex cardiovascular (CVD) and anti-diabetic therapies, including a larger use of insulin In all age groups, these associations differed according to the specific renal outcome examined: male sex and smoking were positively associated with Alb+ and negatively with eGFR+; age and anti-hypertensive therapies were more strongly associated with eGFR+, glucose control with Alb+, whereas BMI, and lipid-related variables with both abnormalities. All these associations were attenuated in the older (> 75 years) as compared to the younger groups (< 65 years; 65-75 years), and they were confirmed by multivariate analysis. Notably, Q-score values < 15, indicating a low quality of care, were strongly associated with Alb+ (OR 8.54; P < 0.001), but not with eGFR+.CONCLUSIONS: In T2DM patients, the prevalence of both eGFR and Albuminuria increase with age. DKD is associated with poor cardiovascular risk profile and a lower quality of care, although these associations are influenced by the type of renal abnormality and by ageing. These data indicate that clinical surveillance of DKD should not be unerestimated in old T2DM patients.

KW - Aged

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Albuminuria/diagnosis

KW - Cohort Studies

KW - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis

KW - Diabetic Nephropathies/diagnosis

KW - ErbB Receptors/blood

KW - Female

KW - Glomerular Filtration Rate/physiology

KW - Humans

KW - Italy/epidemiology

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Prevalence

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Triglycerides/blood

U2 - 10.1186/s12877-018-0732-4

DO - 10.1186/s12877-018-0732-4

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 38

JO - BMC Geriatrics

JF - BMC Geriatrics

SN - 1471-2318

IS - 1

ER -