Diagnosing coronary artery disease in patients with hypertension: A resolved dilemma?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Patients with hypertension frequently complain of chest pain and exhibit ischemic-like ST segment changes on exercise electrocardiogram. However, the specificity of such changes for predicting significant coronary artery disease is very low, since these patients often exhibit a normal coronary angiogram. Several alternative non-invasive tests have been proposed and, recently, the relative performance of the available techniques has been systematically assessed. The purpose of this article is to review the relevant literature on the diagnostic tests employed in the clinical setting. Recent evidence suggests that stress echocardiography yields a better diagnostic accuracy than perfusion scintigraphy in identifying significant epicardial coronary artery disease in patients with hypertension. The low specificity of myocardial scintigraphy probably relates to the fact that this method traces perfusion abnormalities, not necessarily caused by epicardial coronary artery disease, possibly due to microvascular disease, and not axiomatically causing obvious wall motion abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-731
Number of pages6
JournalItalian Heart Journal
Volume1
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Dobutamine
  • Exercise test
  • Hypertension
  • Myocardial scintigraphy
  • Stress echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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