Diagnosis and management of acute mastoiditis in a cohort of Italian children

Paola Marchisio, Sonia Bianchini, Alberto Villani, Giulia Verri, Filippo Bernardi, Alessandro Porta, Paolo Biban, Silvia Caimmi, Lorenzo Iughetti, Andrzej Krzysztofiak, Silvia Garazzino, Benedetta Romanin, Filippo Salvini, Laura Lancella, Susanna Landini, Carlotta Galeone, Susanna Esposito, Nicola Principi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The Italian Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases created a registry to determine the management of pediatric acute mastoiditis (AM) in Italy. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of paediatricians was conducted to evaluate hospitalization due to AM in Italian pediatric wards between 1 January 2002, and 31 December 2013. Results: A total of 913 children (561 males, 61.4%) were included in this study. The annual number of AM cases significantly increased during the study period (30 in 2002 and 98 in 2013) but only among older children (≥4 years old; p = 0.02). AM complications occurred in 69 (7.6%) of the children and sequelae were observed in 13 (1.4%) patients. Conclusion: The annual number of pediatric AM cases admitted to Italian pediatric wards increased in the past few years; this increase was strictly age-related. The risk of severe AM complications appeared relatively low, and most AM cases could be treated conservatively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1541-1548
Number of pages8
JournalExpert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2014

Fingerprint

Mastoiditis
Pediatrics
Italy
Communicable Diseases
Registries
Hospitalization
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Acute mastoiditis
  • Acute otitis media
  • Antibiotic treatment
  • Ear
  • Pediatric otolaryngology
  • Pneumococcal vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology
  • Virology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Diagnosis and management of acute mastoiditis in a cohort of Italian children. / Marchisio, Paola; Bianchini, Sonia; Villani, Alberto; Verri, Giulia; Bernardi, Filippo; Porta, Alessandro; Biban, Paolo; Caimmi, Silvia; Iughetti, Lorenzo; Krzysztofiak, Andrzej; Garazzino, Silvia; Romanin, Benedetta; Salvini, Filippo; Lancella, Laura; Landini, Susanna; Galeone, Carlotta; Esposito, Susanna; Principi, Nicola.

In: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy, Vol. 12, No. 12, 01.12.2014, p. 1541-1548.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marchisio, P, Bianchini, S, Villani, A, Verri, G, Bernardi, F, Porta, A, Biban, P, Caimmi, S, Iughetti, L, Krzysztofiak, A, Garazzino, S, Romanin, B, Salvini, F, Lancella, L, Landini, S, Galeone, C, Esposito, S & Principi, N 2014, 'Diagnosis and management of acute mastoiditis in a cohort of Italian children', Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 1541-1548. https://doi.org/10.1586/14787210.2014.982093
Marchisio, Paola ; Bianchini, Sonia ; Villani, Alberto ; Verri, Giulia ; Bernardi, Filippo ; Porta, Alessandro ; Biban, Paolo ; Caimmi, Silvia ; Iughetti, Lorenzo ; Krzysztofiak, Andrzej ; Garazzino, Silvia ; Romanin, Benedetta ; Salvini, Filippo ; Lancella, Laura ; Landini, Susanna ; Galeone, Carlotta ; Esposito, Susanna ; Principi, Nicola. / Diagnosis and management of acute mastoiditis in a cohort of Italian children. In: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy. 2014 ; Vol. 12, No. 12. pp. 1541-1548.
@article{e280f0f8dfa54b38a8e24cb5934c9390,
title = "Diagnosis and management of acute mastoiditis in a cohort of Italian children",
abstract = "Objective: The Italian Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases created a registry to determine the management of pediatric acute mastoiditis (AM) in Italy. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of paediatricians was conducted to evaluate hospitalization due to AM in Italian pediatric wards between 1 January 2002, and 31 December 2013. Results: A total of 913 children (561 males, 61.4{\%}) were included in this study. The annual number of AM cases significantly increased during the study period (30 in 2002 and 98 in 2013) but only among older children (≥4 years old; p = 0.02). AM complications occurred in 69 (7.6{\%}) of the children and sequelae were observed in 13 (1.4{\%}) patients. Conclusion: The annual number of pediatric AM cases admitted to Italian pediatric wards increased in the past few years; this increase was strictly age-related. The risk of severe AM complications appeared relatively low, and most AM cases could be treated conservatively.",
keywords = "Acute mastoiditis, Acute otitis media, Antibiotic treatment, Ear, Pediatric otolaryngology, Pneumococcal vaccination",
author = "Paola Marchisio and Sonia Bianchini and Alberto Villani and Giulia Verri and Filippo Bernardi and Alessandro Porta and Paolo Biban and Silvia Caimmi and Lorenzo Iughetti and Andrzej Krzysztofiak and Silvia Garazzino and Benedetta Romanin and Filippo Salvini and Laura Lancella and Susanna Landini and Carlotta Galeone and Susanna Esposito and Nicola Principi",
year = "2014",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1586/14787210.2014.982093",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "1541--1548",
journal = "Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy",
issn = "1478-7210",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diagnosis and management of acute mastoiditis in a cohort of Italian children

AU - Marchisio, Paola

AU - Bianchini, Sonia

AU - Villani, Alberto

AU - Verri, Giulia

AU - Bernardi, Filippo

AU - Porta, Alessandro

AU - Biban, Paolo

AU - Caimmi, Silvia

AU - Iughetti, Lorenzo

AU - Krzysztofiak, Andrzej

AU - Garazzino, Silvia

AU - Romanin, Benedetta

AU - Salvini, Filippo

AU - Lancella, Laura

AU - Landini, Susanna

AU - Galeone, Carlotta

AU - Esposito, Susanna

AU - Principi, Nicola

PY - 2014/12/1

Y1 - 2014/12/1

N2 - Objective: The Italian Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases created a registry to determine the management of pediatric acute mastoiditis (AM) in Italy. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of paediatricians was conducted to evaluate hospitalization due to AM in Italian pediatric wards between 1 January 2002, and 31 December 2013. Results: A total of 913 children (561 males, 61.4%) were included in this study. The annual number of AM cases significantly increased during the study period (30 in 2002 and 98 in 2013) but only among older children (≥4 years old; p = 0.02). AM complications occurred in 69 (7.6%) of the children and sequelae were observed in 13 (1.4%) patients. Conclusion: The annual number of pediatric AM cases admitted to Italian pediatric wards increased in the past few years; this increase was strictly age-related. The risk of severe AM complications appeared relatively low, and most AM cases could be treated conservatively.

AB - Objective: The Italian Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases created a registry to determine the management of pediatric acute mastoiditis (AM) in Italy. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of paediatricians was conducted to evaluate hospitalization due to AM in Italian pediatric wards between 1 January 2002, and 31 December 2013. Results: A total of 913 children (561 males, 61.4%) were included in this study. The annual number of AM cases significantly increased during the study period (30 in 2002 and 98 in 2013) but only among older children (≥4 years old; p = 0.02). AM complications occurred in 69 (7.6%) of the children and sequelae were observed in 13 (1.4%) patients. Conclusion: The annual number of pediatric AM cases admitted to Italian pediatric wards increased in the past few years; this increase was strictly age-related. The risk of severe AM complications appeared relatively low, and most AM cases could be treated conservatively.

KW - Acute mastoiditis

KW - Acute otitis media

KW - Antibiotic treatment

KW - Ear

KW - Pediatric otolaryngology

KW - Pneumococcal vaccination

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84910677206&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84910677206&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1586/14787210.2014.982093

DO - 10.1586/14787210.2014.982093

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 1541

EP - 1548

JO - Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy

JF - Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy

SN - 1478-7210

IS - 12

ER -