PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Spermatic cord tumors (SCT) are very rare. The present review discusses the most recent literature regarding clinical presentation, pathological characteristics, diagnosis, and management of SCT. RECENT FINDINGS: Although the majority of SCT are benign, when malignant almost all SCT are sarcomas. Liposarcomas are the most common; whereas rhabdomyosarcomas recorded the highest tendency of develop distant metastases. The clinical presentation is usually a unilateral solid slow-growing mass at the level of the inguinal canal and of the scrotum. Surgical excision represents the most common used treatment, and considering the risk in developing local recurrence, radical inguinal orchiectomy and resection of the tumor with negative microscopic surgical margins is mandatory. Adjuvant therapies such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy have been suggested in selected patients, but clear data to demonstrate any improvement in survival are not available. SUMMARY: SCT are rare tumors with high risk of misdiagnosis or mistreatment. The majority are benign, but when malignant almost all are sarcomas. A surgical excision is the treatment of choice; however, no clear data exists documenting the efficacy of a multimodal treatment in reducing high local recurrence rates after surgery.
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