Diagnosis of alcohol use disorder from a psychological point of view

Interdisciplinary Study Group CRARL - SITAC - SIPaD - SITD - SIPDip, Simone Macri, Giovanni Laviola, Rosanna Mancinelli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is one of the most common psychiatric disease in the general population, characterized by having a pattern of excessive drinking despite the negative effects of alcohol on the individual’s work, medical, legal, educational, and/or social life. Currently, the bio-psycho-social model describes properly AUD as a multidimensional phenomenon including biological, psychological, and socio-cultural variables affecting the nature, maintenance, and expression of the disorder. The AUD diagnostic process is crucial since the treatment success depends heavily on the accuracy and the adequacy of the diagnosis. The diagnosis is based on a comprehensive assessment of the patient’s characteristics and uses interviews and psychometric instruments for collecting information. This paper will provide insights into the most important psychological dimensions of AUD and on the best psychometric instruments for proposing AUD diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-140
Number of pages13
JournalRivista di Psichiatria
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 19 2018

Fingerprint

Alcohols
Psychology
Psychometrics
Biological Phenomena
Drinking
Psychiatry
Maintenance
Interviews
Population
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Alcoholism/diagnosis
  • Cognition Disorders/chemically induced
  • Comorbidity
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Interview, Psychological
  • Mental Disorders/epidemiology
  • Motivational Interviewing
  • Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
  • Personality Disorders/epidemiology
  • Psychological Tests
  • Psychometrics
  • Quality of Life
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Symptom Assessment

Cite this

Diagnosis of alcohol use disorder from a psychological point of view. / Interdisciplinary Study Group CRARL - SITAC - SIPaD - SITD - SIPDip ; Macri, Simone; Laviola, Giovanni; Mancinelli, Rosanna.

In: Rivista di Psichiatria, Vol. 53, No. 3, 19.06.2018, p. 128-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Interdisciplinary Study Group CRARL - SITAC - SIPaD - SITD - SIPDip, Macri, S, Laviola, G & Mancinelli, R 2018, 'Diagnosis of alcohol use disorder from a psychological point of view', Rivista di Psichiatria, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 128-140. https://doi.org/10.1708/2925.29415
Interdisciplinary Study Group CRARL - SITAC - SIPaD - SITD - SIPDip ; Macri, Simone ; Laviola, Giovanni ; Mancinelli, Rosanna. / Diagnosis of alcohol use disorder from a psychological point of view. In: Rivista di Psichiatria. 2018 ; Vol. 53, No. 3. pp. 128-140.
@article{728eace70adc4e20bea56aca2f28670a,
title = "Diagnosis of alcohol use disorder from a psychological point of view",
abstract = "Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is one of the most common psychiatric disease in the general population, characterized by having a pattern of excessive drinking despite the negative effects of alcohol on the individual’s work, medical, legal, educational, and/or social life. Currently, the bio-psycho-social model describes properly AUD as a multidimensional phenomenon including biological, psychological, and socio-cultural variables affecting the nature, maintenance, and expression of the disorder. The AUD diagnostic process is crucial since the treatment success depends heavily on the accuracy and the adequacy of the diagnosis. The diagnosis is based on a comprehensive assessment of the patient’s characteristics and uses interviews and psychometric instruments for collecting information. This paper will provide insights into the most important psychological dimensions of AUD and on the best psychometric instruments for proposing AUD diagnosis.",
keywords = "Alcoholism/diagnosis, Cognition Disorders/chemically induced, Comorbidity, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Interview, Psychological, Mental Disorders/epidemiology, Motivational Interviewing, Outcome Assessment (Health Care), Personality Disorders/epidemiology, Psychological Tests, Psychometrics, Quality of Life, Severity of Illness Index, Symptom Assessment",
author = "{Interdisciplinary Study Group CRARL - SITAC - SIPaD - SITD - SIPDip} and Giovanna Coriale and Daniela Fiorentino and Raffaella Porrari and Gemma Battagliese and Ida Capriglione and Federica Cereatti and Silvia Iannuzzi and Benilde Mauri and Domenica Galli and Marco Fiore and Attilia, {Maria Luisa} and Mauro Ceccanti and Simone Macri and Giovanni Laviola and Rosanna Mancinelli",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1708/2925.29415",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "128--140",
journal = "Rivista di Psichiatria",
issn = "0035-6484",
publisher = "Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore s.r.l.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diagnosis of alcohol use disorder from a psychological point of view

AU - Interdisciplinary Study Group CRARL - SITAC - SIPaD - SITD - SIPDip

AU - Coriale, Giovanna

AU - Fiorentino, Daniela

AU - Porrari, Raffaella

AU - Battagliese, Gemma

AU - Capriglione, Ida

AU - Cereatti, Federica

AU - Iannuzzi, Silvia

AU - Mauri, Benilde

AU - Galli, Domenica

AU - Fiore, Marco

AU - Attilia, Maria Luisa

AU - Ceccanti, Mauro

AU - Macri, Simone

AU - Laviola, Giovanni

AU - Mancinelli, Rosanna

PY - 2018/6/19

Y1 - 2018/6/19

N2 - Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is one of the most common psychiatric disease in the general population, characterized by having a pattern of excessive drinking despite the negative effects of alcohol on the individual’s work, medical, legal, educational, and/or social life. Currently, the bio-psycho-social model describes properly AUD as a multidimensional phenomenon including biological, psychological, and socio-cultural variables affecting the nature, maintenance, and expression of the disorder. The AUD diagnostic process is crucial since the treatment success depends heavily on the accuracy and the adequacy of the diagnosis. The diagnosis is based on a comprehensive assessment of the patient’s characteristics and uses interviews and psychometric instruments for collecting information. This paper will provide insights into the most important psychological dimensions of AUD and on the best psychometric instruments for proposing AUD diagnosis.

AB - Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is one of the most common psychiatric disease in the general population, characterized by having a pattern of excessive drinking despite the negative effects of alcohol on the individual’s work, medical, legal, educational, and/or social life. Currently, the bio-psycho-social model describes properly AUD as a multidimensional phenomenon including biological, psychological, and socio-cultural variables affecting the nature, maintenance, and expression of the disorder. The AUD diagnostic process is crucial since the treatment success depends heavily on the accuracy and the adequacy of the diagnosis. The diagnosis is based on a comprehensive assessment of the patient’s characteristics and uses interviews and psychometric instruments for collecting information. This paper will provide insights into the most important psychological dimensions of AUD and on the best psychometric instruments for proposing AUD diagnosis.

KW - Alcoholism/diagnosis

KW - Cognition Disorders/chemically induced

KW - Comorbidity

KW - Follow-Up Studies

KW - Humans

KW - Interpersonal Relations

KW - Interview, Psychological

KW - Mental Disorders/epidemiology

KW - Motivational Interviewing

KW - Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

KW - Personality Disorders/epidemiology

KW - Psychological Tests

KW - Psychometrics

KW - Quality of Life

KW - Severity of Illness Index

KW - Symptom Assessment

U2 - 10.1708/2925.29415

DO - 10.1708/2925.29415

M3 - Review article

C2 - 29912215

VL - 53

SP - 128

EP - 140

JO - Rivista di Psichiatria

JF - Rivista di Psichiatria

SN - 0035-6484

IS - 3

ER -