Diagnosis of invasive fungal disease in children: a narrative review

Carolina Saffioti, Alessio Mesini, Roberto Bandettini, Elio Castagnola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Invasive fungal diseases (IFD) represent important causes of morbidity and mortality in pediatrics. Early diagnosis and treatment of IFD is associated with better outcome and this entails the need to use fast and highly sensitive and specific methods that can support clinicians in the management of IFD.Areas covered: A narrative review was performed on conventional diagnostic methods such as culture, microscopy and histopathology are still gold standard but are burdened by a lack of sensitivity and specificity; on the other hand, imaging and noninvasive antigen-based such as beta-D-glucan, galactomannan and molecular biomarkers are the most convenient nonculture methods for diagnosis and monitoring effects of therapy. Aim of the present review is to summarize what is available in these fields at end of the second decade of the third millennium and look for future perspectives.Expert opinion: Promising and useful diagnostic methods have been applied in infectious disease diagnosis in clinical practice or in designing platforms. Unfortunately, most of them are not standardized or validated in pediatric population. However, clinicians should be aware of all innovative diagnostic tools to use in combination with conventional diagnostic methods for a better management of pathology and patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)895-909
Number of pages15
JournalExpert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019


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