Diagnosis, Treatment Response, and Prognosis: The Role of 18F-DOPA PET/CT in Children Affected by Neuroblastoma in Comparison with 123I-mIBG Scan: The First Prospective Study

Arnoldo Piccardo, Giovanni Morana, Matteo Puntoni, Sara Campora, Stefania Sorrentino, Pietro Zucchetta, Martina Ugolini, Massimo Conte, Angelina Cistaro, Giulia Ferrarazzo, Marco Pescetto, Marco Lattuada, Gianluca Bottoni, Alberto Garaventa, Luca Giovanella, Egesta Lopci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our purpose was to evaluate the diagnostic role of 18F-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) PET/CT at the time of staging in children with neuroblastoma and to investigate its ability to assess treatment response. We also investigated the prognostic value of 18F-DOPA PET/CT at the same time points. Methods: We enrolled children with neuroblastoma at onset. Before and after induction chemotherapy, all patients underwent 18F-DOPA PET/CT and 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scanning plus SPECT/CT. 18F-DOPA PET/CT results were compared with those of 123I-MIBG whole-body scanning (WBS). For each modality, patient-based analysis and lesion-based analysis were performed and sensitivity was calculated. We applied scoring systems to 123I-MIBG scanning and 18F-DOPA PET/CT (i.e.,123I-MIBG WBS score and whole-body metabolic burden [WBMB], respectively) and evaluated the association between these parameters, the principal neuroblastoma risk factors, and outcome. Results: We enrolled 16 high-risk and 2 intermediate-risk neuroblastoma patients. On patient-based analysis, sensitivity in detecting primary tumors, soft-tissue metastases, and bone or bone-marrow metastases was 83%, 50%, and 92%, respectively, for 123I-MIBG WBS versus 94%, 92%, and 100%, respectively, for 18F-DOPA PET/CT. On lesion-based analysis, the sensitivity of 18F-DOPA PET/CT in detecting soft-tissue and bone or bone-marrow metastases was 86% and 99%, respectively-significantly higher than that of 123I-MIBG WBS, at 41% and 93%, respectively. After therapy, on patient-based analysis, the sensitivity in detecting primary tumors, soft-tissue metastases, and bone or bone-marrow metastases was 72%, 33%, and 38%, respectively, for 123I-MIBG WBS versus 83%, 75% and 54%, respectively, for 18F-DOPA PET/CT. On lesion-based analysis, the sensitivity of 18F-DOPA PET/CT in detecting soft-tissue and bone or bone-marrow metastases was 77% and 86%, respectively-significantly higher than that of 123I-MIBG WBS, at 28% and 69%, respectively. During follow-up, 8 cases of disease progression and 5 deaths occurred. On multivariate analysis, only posttherapeutic 18F-DOPA WBMB (>7.5) was associated with progression-free survival. Conclusion:18F-DOPA PET/CT is more sensitive than 123I-MIBG WBS in staging neuroblastoma patients and evaluating disease persistence after chemotherapy. In a time-to-event analysis, posttherapeutic 18F-DOPA WBMB remained the only risk factor associated with disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-374
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • chemotherapy
  • DOPA
  • neuroblastoma
  • PET/CT
  • prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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