Aims: To evaluate image quality, interpretability, diagnostic accuracy and radiation exposure of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) performed with a new scanner equipped with 0.23-mm spatial resolution, new generation iterative reconstruction, 0.28-second gantry rotation time and intra-cycle motion-correction algorithm in consecutive patients with coronary stents, including those with high heart rate (HR) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Materials and methods: We enrolled 100 consecutive patients (85 males, mean age 65 ± 10 years) with previous coronary stent implantation scheduled for clinically indicated non-emergent invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Image quality, coronary interpretability and diagnostic accuracy vs. ICA were evaluated and the effective dose (ED) was recorded. Results: Mean HR during the scan was 67 ± 13 bpm. Twenty-six patients had >65 bpm HR during scanning and 13 patients had AF. Overall, image quality was high (Likert = 3.2 ± 0.9). Stent interpretability was 95.8% (184/192 stents). Among 192 stented segments, CCTA correctly identified 22 out of 24 with >50% in-stent restenosis (ISR) (sensitivity 92%). In a stent-based analysis, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and diagnostic accuracy for ISR detection were 91%, 99%, 60% and 91%, respectively. In a patient-based analysis, CCTA diagnostic accuracy was 85%. Overall, mean ED of CCTA was 2.4 ± 1.2 mSv. Conclusions: A whole-organ CT scanner was able to evaluate coronary stents with good diagnostic performance and low radiation exposure, also in presence of unfavorable HR and heart rhythm. Translational aspect: The present study is the first to evaluate the CCTA capability of detecting in-stent restenosis in consecutive patients, including those with high HR and AF, using a recent scanner generation that combines improved spatial and temporal resolution with wide coverage. Using the whole-organ high-definition CT scanner we obtained high quality images of coronary stents with good interpretability and diagnostic accuracy combined with low radiation exposure, even in patients with unfavorable HR or heart rhythm for CCTA evaluation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine