Diagnostic accuracy of neurophysiological criteria for early diagnosis of AIDP: A prospective study

Maenia Scarpino, Francesco Lolli, Riccardo Carrai, Giovanni Lanzo, Maddalena Spalletti, Alessandro Barilaro, Francesco Fattapposta, Aldo Amantini, Antonello Grippo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of electrodiagnostic (EDX) criteria for the early detection and characterization of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in clinical practice. Methods: We conducted a prospective study in patients referred for an EDX exam with clinical suspicion of GBS. We evaluated four sets of neurophysiological criteria and four neurophysiological tests among those recently proposed for the early diagnosis of GBS. Results: We recruited 84 patients. Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) was the final diagnosis in 23 patients. No axonal forms were found. The best sensitivity was obtained using Rajabally et al.'s criteria (82.1%), whereas the specificity was 90.0% for Ho et al.'s and Hadden et al.'s criteria and 100% for the Dutch GBS study group and Rajabally's criteria. Regarding the neurophysiological tests proposed for early diagnosis, the sensitivity ranged from 16.6 to 100%, whereas specificity ranged from 73.1 to 98.3%. Conclusion: The Dutch GBS study group and Rajabally et al.'s criteria showed an optimal combination of sensitivity and specificity for clinical practice, although with a slightly higher sensitivity for Rajabally et al.'s criteria. None of the neurophysiological parameters recently proposed for early diagnosis have good diagnostic accuracy for clinical application. Significance: In a real clinical setting with patients referred by neurologists and emergency doctors, an EDX study performed within a week of symptom onset supports the diagnosis of AIDP in 82% of cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalNeurophysiologie Clinique / Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy
  • Cohort study
  • Electrodiagnosis
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Neurology

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