Potenzialità diagnostica e di ricerca dell'aterectomia direzionale.

Translated title of the contribution: Diagnostic and research potential of directional atherectomy

E. Arbustini, S. De Servi, M. Boscarini, E. Bramucci, L. Angoli, E. Porcu, A. M. Costante, M. Grasso, M. Diegoli, R. Fasani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Directional coronary atherectomy (DCA) is the sole technique for the in vivo study of coronary artery plaques which are responsible for myocardial ischemia. The technique confers the following advantages to the pathologic study of plaque samples: the brevity, in general, of the interval between acute myocardial ischemia and sampling of the guilty plaque; the absence in samples of autolytic phenomena (such as those that affect autopsy samples), an effect that enables the use of conventional histopathology, immunohistochemistry and molecular biology; the certainty with which the researcher can identify, and thus sample, the truly guilty lesions. The drawbacks of the technique are: the fragmentation of the plaque; the difficulty the pathologist has in correctly orientating the samples in the embedding phase, in distinguishing pre- from post-procedural lesions, and in providing a detailed description of the findings. Given the foregoing, the diagnostic information to which DCA sampling enables access is as follows: plaque derivation--the recognition of whether tissue removed with DCA originates from eccentric or concentric, atheromatous of fibrosclerotic, calcified or not calcified plaques; histopathology of coronary lesions that cause ischemia with regard to: evidence of acute events, such as thrombosis, ulceration and hemorrhage, thrombus composition, when it occurs, and definition of its age and presence of material deriving from the vascular wall that lies beyond the plaque; identification and immunophenotypical characterization of inflammatory infiltrates. As regards research, the main implications of DCA are for the study of the pathogenetic mechanisms that lead to plaque instability in acute ischemic syndromes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Translated title of the contributionDiagnostic and research potential of directional atherectomy
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalCardiologia
Volume39
Issue number12 Suppl 1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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