Understanding the developmental features of the pediatric spine and spinal cord, including embryologic steps and subsequent growth of the osteocartilaginous spine and contents is necessary for interpretation of the pathologic events that may affect the pediatric spine. MR imaging plays a crucial role in the diagnostic evaluation of patients suspected of harboring spinal abnormalities, whereas computed tomography and ultrasonography play a more limited, complementary role. This article discusses the embryologic and developmental anatomy features of the spine and spinal cord, together with some technical points and pitfalls, and the most common indications for pediatric spinal MR imaging.
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 1 2016|
- Spinal cord
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging