Specific and suitable instruments are used in operative laparoscopy: Veress needle, insuflation apparatus, trocars, optic lenses, light source, and instruments (bullit-tipped forceps, dolphin nose forceps. scissors, coagulators, retractors, irrigation aspiration apparatus). To become familiar with proper handling of these instruments and to develop basic skills, experimental laparoscopy proved to be greatly helpful. Four steps played a key role in the process of learning: preparation and setting; starting training; focusing on the operation; verifying and inspecting.
|Translated title of the contribution||Diagnostic laparoscopy in urological surgery: Basic technique, instruments and training|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Acta Urologica Italica|
|Issue number||SUPPL. 1|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
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