Diagnostic performance of gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MRI versus multidetector CT in the assessment of colorectal liver metastases compared to hepatic resection

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Imaging is an essential tool in the management of patients with Colorectal cancer (CRC) by helping evaluate number and sites of metastases, determine resectability, assess response to treatment, detect drug toxicities and recurrences. Although multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is the first tool used for staging and patient's surveillance, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most reliable imaging modality that allows to assess liver metastases. Our purpose is to compare the diagnostic performance of gadoxetic acid-(Gd-EOB) enhanced liver MRI and contrast-enhanced MDCT in the detection of liver metastasis from colorectal cancer (mCRC).

METHODS: One hundred and twenty-eight patients with pathologically proven mCRC (512 liver metastases) underwent Gd-EOB MRI and MDCT imaging. An additional 46 patients without mCRC were included as control subjects. Three radiologists independently graded the presence of liver nodules on a five-point confidence scale. Sensitivity and specificity for the detection of metastases were calculated. Weighted к values were used to evaluate inter-reader agreement of the confidence scale regarding the presence of the lesion.

RESULTS: MRI detected 489 liver metastases and MDCT 384. In terms of per-lesion sensitivity in the detection of liver metastasis, all three readers had higher diagnostic sensitivity with Gd-EOB MRI than with MDCT (95.5% vs. 72% reader 1; 90% vs. 72% reader 2; 96% vs. 75% reader 3). Each reader showed a statistical significant difference (p < <.001 at Chi square test). MR imaging showed a higher performance than MDCT in per-patient detection sensitivity (100% vs. 74.2% [p < <.001] reader 1, 98% vs. 73% [p < <.001] reader 2, and 100% vs. 78% [p < <.001] reader 3). In the control group, MRI and MDCT showed similar per-patient specificity (100% vs. 98% [p = 0.31] reader 1, 100% vs. 100% [p = 0.92] reader 2, and 100% vs. 96% [p = 0.047] reader 3). Inter-reader agreement of lesion detection between the three radiologists was moderate to excellent (k range, 0.56-0.86) for Gd-EOB MRI and substantial to excellent for MDCT (k range, 0.75-0.8).

CONCLUSION: Gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI performs significantly better in the detection of mCRC, than MDCT, particularly in patients treated with chemotherapy, in subcapsular lesions, and in peribiliary metastases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129
JournalBMC Gastroenterology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 24 2019

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Multidetector Computed Tomography
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Neoplasm Metastasis
Liver
Colorectal Neoplasms
gadolinium ethoxybenzyl DTPA
Chi-Square Distribution
Liver Neoplasms
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Recurrence
Drug Therapy
Sensitivity and Specificity
Control Groups

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@article{30d856206749448aac3615eb4ebcbe2f,
title = "Diagnostic performance of gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MRI versus multidetector CT in the assessment of colorectal liver metastases compared to hepatic resection",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Imaging is an essential tool in the management of patients with Colorectal cancer (CRC) by helping evaluate number and sites of metastases, determine resectability, assess response to treatment, detect drug toxicities and recurrences. Although multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is the first tool used for staging and patient's surveillance, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most reliable imaging modality that allows to assess liver metastases. Our purpose is to compare the diagnostic performance of gadoxetic acid-(Gd-EOB) enhanced liver MRI and contrast-enhanced MDCT in the detection of liver metastasis from colorectal cancer (mCRC).METHODS: One hundred and twenty-eight patients with pathologically proven mCRC (512 liver metastases) underwent Gd-EOB MRI and MDCT imaging. An additional 46 patients without mCRC were included as control subjects. Three radiologists independently graded the presence of liver nodules on a five-point confidence scale. Sensitivity and specificity for the detection of metastases were calculated. Weighted к values were used to evaluate inter-reader agreement of the confidence scale regarding the presence of the lesion.RESULTS: MRI detected 489 liver metastases and MDCT 384. In terms of per-lesion sensitivity in the detection of liver metastasis, all three readers had higher diagnostic sensitivity with Gd-EOB MRI than with MDCT (95.5{\%} vs. 72{\%} reader 1; 90{\%} vs. 72{\%} reader 2; 96{\%} vs. 75{\%} reader 3). Each reader showed a statistical significant difference (p < <.001 at Chi square test). MR imaging showed a higher performance than MDCT in per-patient detection sensitivity (100{\%} vs. 74.2{\%} [p < <.001] reader 1, 98{\%} vs. 73{\%} [p < <.001] reader 2, and 100{\%} vs. 78{\%} [p < <.001] reader 3). In the control group, MRI and MDCT showed similar per-patient specificity (100{\%} vs. 98{\%} [p = 0.31] reader 1, 100{\%} vs. 100{\%} [p = 0.92] reader 2, and 100{\%} vs. 96{\%} [p = 0.047] reader 3). Inter-reader agreement of lesion detection between the three radiologists was moderate to excellent (k range, 0.56-0.86) for Gd-EOB MRI and substantial to excellent for MDCT (k range, 0.75-0.8).CONCLUSION: Gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI performs significantly better in the detection of mCRC, than MDCT, particularly in patients treated with chemotherapy, in subcapsular lesions, and in peribiliary metastases.",
author = "Vincenza Granata and Roberta Fusco and {de Lutio di Castelguidone}, Elisabetta and Antonio Avallone and Raffaele Palaia and Paolo Delrio and Fabiana Tatangelo and Gerardo Botti and Roberto Grassi and Francesco Izzo and Antonella Petrillo",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1186/s12876-019-1036-7",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "129",
journal = "BMC Gastroenterology",
issn = "1471-230X",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diagnostic performance of gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MRI versus multidetector CT in the assessment of colorectal liver metastases compared to hepatic resection

AU - Granata, Vincenza

AU - Fusco, Roberta

AU - de Lutio di Castelguidone, Elisabetta

AU - Avallone, Antonio

AU - Palaia, Raffaele

AU - Delrio, Paolo

AU - Tatangelo, Fabiana

AU - Botti, Gerardo

AU - Grassi, Roberto

AU - Izzo, Francesco

AU - Petrillo, Antonella

PY - 2019/7/24

Y1 - 2019/7/24

N2 - BACKGROUND: Imaging is an essential tool in the management of patients with Colorectal cancer (CRC) by helping evaluate number and sites of metastases, determine resectability, assess response to treatment, detect drug toxicities and recurrences. Although multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is the first tool used for staging and patient's surveillance, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most reliable imaging modality that allows to assess liver metastases. Our purpose is to compare the diagnostic performance of gadoxetic acid-(Gd-EOB) enhanced liver MRI and contrast-enhanced MDCT in the detection of liver metastasis from colorectal cancer (mCRC).METHODS: One hundred and twenty-eight patients with pathologically proven mCRC (512 liver metastases) underwent Gd-EOB MRI and MDCT imaging. An additional 46 patients without mCRC were included as control subjects. Three radiologists independently graded the presence of liver nodules on a five-point confidence scale. Sensitivity and specificity for the detection of metastases were calculated. Weighted к values were used to evaluate inter-reader agreement of the confidence scale regarding the presence of the lesion.RESULTS: MRI detected 489 liver metastases and MDCT 384. In terms of per-lesion sensitivity in the detection of liver metastasis, all three readers had higher diagnostic sensitivity with Gd-EOB MRI than with MDCT (95.5% vs. 72% reader 1; 90% vs. 72% reader 2; 96% vs. 75% reader 3). Each reader showed a statistical significant difference (p < <.001 at Chi square test). MR imaging showed a higher performance than MDCT in per-patient detection sensitivity (100% vs. 74.2% [p < <.001] reader 1, 98% vs. 73% [p < <.001] reader 2, and 100% vs. 78% [p < <.001] reader 3). In the control group, MRI and MDCT showed similar per-patient specificity (100% vs. 98% [p = 0.31] reader 1, 100% vs. 100% [p = 0.92] reader 2, and 100% vs. 96% [p = 0.047] reader 3). Inter-reader agreement of lesion detection between the three radiologists was moderate to excellent (k range, 0.56-0.86) for Gd-EOB MRI and substantial to excellent for MDCT (k range, 0.75-0.8).CONCLUSION: Gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI performs significantly better in the detection of mCRC, than MDCT, particularly in patients treated with chemotherapy, in subcapsular lesions, and in peribiliary metastases.

AB - BACKGROUND: Imaging is an essential tool in the management of patients with Colorectal cancer (CRC) by helping evaluate number and sites of metastases, determine resectability, assess response to treatment, detect drug toxicities and recurrences. Although multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is the first tool used for staging and patient's surveillance, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most reliable imaging modality that allows to assess liver metastases. Our purpose is to compare the diagnostic performance of gadoxetic acid-(Gd-EOB) enhanced liver MRI and contrast-enhanced MDCT in the detection of liver metastasis from colorectal cancer (mCRC).METHODS: One hundred and twenty-eight patients with pathologically proven mCRC (512 liver metastases) underwent Gd-EOB MRI and MDCT imaging. An additional 46 patients without mCRC were included as control subjects. Three radiologists independently graded the presence of liver nodules on a five-point confidence scale. Sensitivity and specificity for the detection of metastases were calculated. Weighted к values were used to evaluate inter-reader agreement of the confidence scale regarding the presence of the lesion.RESULTS: MRI detected 489 liver metastases and MDCT 384. In terms of per-lesion sensitivity in the detection of liver metastasis, all three readers had higher diagnostic sensitivity with Gd-EOB MRI than with MDCT (95.5% vs. 72% reader 1; 90% vs. 72% reader 2; 96% vs. 75% reader 3). Each reader showed a statistical significant difference (p < <.001 at Chi square test). MR imaging showed a higher performance than MDCT in per-patient detection sensitivity (100% vs. 74.2% [p < <.001] reader 1, 98% vs. 73% [p < <.001] reader 2, and 100% vs. 78% [p < <.001] reader 3). In the control group, MRI and MDCT showed similar per-patient specificity (100% vs. 98% [p = 0.31] reader 1, 100% vs. 100% [p = 0.92] reader 2, and 100% vs. 96% [p = 0.047] reader 3). Inter-reader agreement of lesion detection between the three radiologists was moderate to excellent (k range, 0.56-0.86) for Gd-EOB MRI and substantial to excellent for MDCT (k range, 0.75-0.8).CONCLUSION: Gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI performs significantly better in the detection of mCRC, than MDCT, particularly in patients treated with chemotherapy, in subcapsular lesions, and in peribiliary metastases.

U2 - 10.1186/s12876-019-1036-7

DO - 10.1186/s12876-019-1036-7

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 129

JO - BMC Gastroenterology

JF - BMC Gastroenterology

SN - 1471-230X

IS - 1

ER -