Diagnostic performances of 68Ga-DOTATOC versus 18Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in pulmonary carcinoid tumours and interrelationship with histological features

Filippo Lococo, Cristian Rapicetta, Maria Cecilia Mengoli, Angelina Filice, Massimiliano Paci, Teresa Di Stefano, Chiara Coruzzi, Annibale Versari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Few data are available about radio-receptorial positron emission tomography (PET) results by the use of 68Ga-DOTA-peptides in pulmonary carcinoid tumours. In this study, we retrospectively analysed 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET and 18Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET diagnostic performances in 62 pulmonary carcinoids (occurring in 57 patients) and interrelationship with histological features. All patients underwent at least 1 PET/computed tomography: 26 patients received 68Ga-DOTATOC, 52 patients had 18F-FDG and 20 patients received both techniques. There were 55 typical carcinoids and 7 atypical carcinoids. 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET recorded an 88.4% overall detection rate (DR) (meanSUVmax: 15.5); 18F-FDG/PET a DR of 53.8% (meanSUVmax: 3.2). When adopted a maximum standardized uptake value-threshold of 1.5, DRs of 68Ga-DOTATOC and 18F-FDG/PET increased to 100% and 80.8%, respectively. Moreover, DRs in both techniques vary considerably according to histology with 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET having better performances in typical carcinoids than in atypical carcinoids (DR: 91.7% vs 50.0%, P = 0.076). We also observed a significant correlation between a low number of mitoses (<2/10 high-power field) and 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET-positivity (P = 0.004), and an association trend (P = 0.076) between necrosis and 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET-negativity. In conclusion, 68Ga-DOTATOC had better diagnostic performances than 18F-FDG/PET in detecting pulmonary carcinoids. DRs of both techniques remarkably varied according to histology with 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET performing at its best in typical carcinoids, whereas 18F-FDG/PET did the same in atypical carcinoids.68Ga-DOTATOC/PET results were presumably associated with the number of mitoses and the presence of necrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)957-960
Number of pages4
JournalInteractive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2019

Fingerprint

Carcinoid Tumor
Positron-Emission Tomography
Lung
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Mitosis
Ga(III)-DOTATOC
Histology
Necrosis
Radio

Keywords

  • 18Fluorodeoxyglucose
  • DOTATOC
  • Gallium
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Pulmonary carcinoids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{90ed3e8e682f41a986996e1c4301c1e6,
title = "Diagnostic performances of 68Ga-DOTATOC versus 18Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in pulmonary carcinoid tumours and interrelationship with histological features",
abstract = "Few data are available about radio-receptorial positron emission tomography (PET) results by the use of 68Ga-DOTA-peptides in pulmonary carcinoid tumours. In this study, we retrospectively analysed 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET and 18Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET diagnostic performances in 62 pulmonary carcinoids (occurring in 57 patients) and interrelationship with histological features. All patients underwent at least 1 PET/computed tomography: 26 patients received 68Ga-DOTATOC, 52 patients had 18F-FDG and 20 patients received both techniques. There were 55 typical carcinoids and 7 atypical carcinoids. 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET recorded an 88.4{\%} overall detection rate (DR) (meanSUVmax: 15.5); 18F-FDG/PET a DR of 53.8{\%} (meanSUVmax: 3.2). When adopted a maximum standardized uptake value-threshold of 1.5, DRs of 68Ga-DOTATOC and 18F-FDG/PET increased to 100{\%} and 80.8{\%}, respectively. Moreover, DRs in both techniques vary considerably according to histology with 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET having better performances in typical carcinoids than in atypical carcinoids (DR: 91.7{\%} vs 50.0{\%}, P = 0.076). We also observed a significant correlation between a low number of mitoses (<2/10 high-power field) and 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET-positivity (P = 0.004), and an association trend (P = 0.076) between necrosis and 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET-negativity. In conclusion, 68Ga-DOTATOC had better diagnostic performances than 18F-FDG/PET in detecting pulmonary carcinoids. DRs of both techniques remarkably varied according to histology with 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET performing at its best in typical carcinoids, whereas 18F-FDG/PET did the same in atypical carcinoids.68Ga-DOTATOC/PET results were presumably associated with the number of mitoses and the presence of necrosis.",
keywords = "18Fluorodeoxyglucose, DOTATOC, Gallium, Positron emission tomography, Pulmonary carcinoids",
author = "Filippo Lococo and Cristian Rapicetta and Mengoli, {Maria Cecilia} and Angelina Filice and Massimiliano Paci and {Di Stefano}, Teresa and Chiara Coruzzi and Annibale Versari",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/icvts/ivz009",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "957--960",
journal = "Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery",
issn = "1569-9293",
publisher = "European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery",
number = "6",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Diagnostic performances of 68Ga-DOTATOC versus 18Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in pulmonary carcinoid tumours and interrelationship with histological features

AU - Lococo, Filippo

AU - Rapicetta, Cristian

AU - Mengoli, Maria Cecilia

AU - Filice, Angelina

AU - Paci, Massimiliano

AU - Di Stefano, Teresa

AU - Coruzzi, Chiara

AU - Versari, Annibale

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Few data are available about radio-receptorial positron emission tomography (PET) results by the use of 68Ga-DOTA-peptides in pulmonary carcinoid tumours. In this study, we retrospectively analysed 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET and 18Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET diagnostic performances in 62 pulmonary carcinoids (occurring in 57 patients) and interrelationship with histological features. All patients underwent at least 1 PET/computed tomography: 26 patients received 68Ga-DOTATOC, 52 patients had 18F-FDG and 20 patients received both techniques. There were 55 typical carcinoids and 7 atypical carcinoids. 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET recorded an 88.4% overall detection rate (DR) (meanSUVmax: 15.5); 18F-FDG/PET a DR of 53.8% (meanSUVmax: 3.2). When adopted a maximum standardized uptake value-threshold of 1.5, DRs of 68Ga-DOTATOC and 18F-FDG/PET increased to 100% and 80.8%, respectively. Moreover, DRs in both techniques vary considerably according to histology with 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET having better performances in typical carcinoids than in atypical carcinoids (DR: 91.7% vs 50.0%, P = 0.076). We also observed a significant correlation between a low number of mitoses (<2/10 high-power field) and 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET-positivity (P = 0.004), and an association trend (P = 0.076) between necrosis and 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET-negativity. In conclusion, 68Ga-DOTATOC had better diagnostic performances than 18F-FDG/PET in detecting pulmonary carcinoids. DRs of both techniques remarkably varied according to histology with 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET performing at its best in typical carcinoids, whereas 18F-FDG/PET did the same in atypical carcinoids.68Ga-DOTATOC/PET results were presumably associated with the number of mitoses and the presence of necrosis.

AB - Few data are available about radio-receptorial positron emission tomography (PET) results by the use of 68Ga-DOTA-peptides in pulmonary carcinoid tumours. In this study, we retrospectively analysed 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET and 18Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET diagnostic performances in 62 pulmonary carcinoids (occurring in 57 patients) and interrelationship with histological features. All patients underwent at least 1 PET/computed tomography: 26 patients received 68Ga-DOTATOC, 52 patients had 18F-FDG and 20 patients received both techniques. There were 55 typical carcinoids and 7 atypical carcinoids. 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET recorded an 88.4% overall detection rate (DR) (meanSUVmax: 15.5); 18F-FDG/PET a DR of 53.8% (meanSUVmax: 3.2). When adopted a maximum standardized uptake value-threshold of 1.5, DRs of 68Ga-DOTATOC and 18F-FDG/PET increased to 100% and 80.8%, respectively. Moreover, DRs in both techniques vary considerably according to histology with 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET having better performances in typical carcinoids than in atypical carcinoids (DR: 91.7% vs 50.0%, P = 0.076). We also observed a significant correlation between a low number of mitoses (<2/10 high-power field) and 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET-positivity (P = 0.004), and an association trend (P = 0.076) between necrosis and 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET-negativity. In conclusion, 68Ga-DOTATOC had better diagnostic performances than 18F-FDG/PET in detecting pulmonary carcinoids. DRs of both techniques remarkably varied according to histology with 68Ga-DOTATOC/PET performing at its best in typical carcinoids, whereas 18F-FDG/PET did the same in atypical carcinoids.68Ga-DOTATOC/PET results were presumably associated with the number of mitoses and the presence of necrosis.

KW - 18Fluorodeoxyglucose

KW - DOTATOC

KW - Gallium

KW - Positron emission tomography

KW - Pulmonary carcinoids

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