Detection of genetic markers improves diagnostic refinement of chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMDs) and is helpful in discriminating reactive conditions mimicking CMDs such as reactive erythrocytosis and thrombocytosis. We set-up a multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction assay followed by capillary electrophoresis, designed to simultaneously screen the two main genetic lesions associated with CMDs, i.e. the BCR-ABL fusion characteristic of chronic myeloid leukemia and the JAK2 V617F mutation that characterises polycythaemia vera and a proportion of cases of essential thrombocythemia and idiopathic myelofibrosis. The test was used in the diagnostic work-up of 50 patients with elevation of ≤2 myeloid cell types in their blood count at presentation and in 42 patients with isolated, non-reactive thrombocytosis. This approach refined diagnosis in 44 of 50 cases in the first series and in 22 of 42 cases with isolated thrombocytosis. We conclude that this non-isotopic and rapid assay amenable to automation may be adopted in routine genetic diagnosis of CMDs as well as for initial screening of thrombocytosis of unknown nature.
- Capillary electrophoresis
- Chronic myeloproliferative syndromes
- Multiplex PCR
ASJC Scopus subject areas