The present study was performed to assess the reliability of clinical symptom, rest and exercise electrocardiogram, exercise Thallium myocardial scintigraphy, as well as rest and exercise radionuclide angiocardiography, in order to detect significant coronary artery disease in 85 female patients with chest pain, who underwent coronary angiography. Of these, 54 underwent Thallium myocardial scintigraphy, 53 rest and exercise radionuclide angiocardiography. We have evaluated sensibility, specificity and positive and negative predictive value for each single variable or every possible combination. Within the population examined, Thallium myocardial scintigraphy reaches the highest sensibility (92%), specificity (92.5%), positive predictive (81%) and negative predictive value (97%). In comparison with all other clinical or instrumental parameters, taken either single or in combination. By subdividing the sample in two groups, of 20 and 65 patients respectively on the basis of the clinical symptom angina or thoracoalgy, with different predominance of coronaropathy (60 and 15%), Thallium myocardial scintigraphy is confirmed to be the most reliable diagnostic test (within the angina group sensibility 86%, specificity 100%, positive predictive value 100%, negative predictive value 83%, within the thoracoalgy group sensibility 100%, specificity 91%, positive predictive value 70%, negative predictive value 100%). However, within the thoracoalgy group, a negative maximal exercise test and a normal rest radionuclide angiocardiography detect patients with low probability of coronaropathy (negative predictive value respectively 100% and 93%). Within the angina group only Thallium myocardial scintigraphy significantly increases the predictive value of the angina symptom itself with respect to the presence of coronaropathy (positive predictive value of angina symptom alone 60%, of angina symptom plus Thallium myocardial scintigraphy 100%).
|Translated title of the contribution||Diagnostic reliability of clinical and instrumental data in identifying the presence of coronary disease in women with chest pain|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine