Diagnostic specificity of autoantibodies to M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) in differentiating idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) from secondary forms and other glomerular diseases

A Radice, F Pieruzzi, B Trezzi, G Ghiggeri, P Napodano, M D'Amico, T Stellato, R Brugnano, F Ravera, D Rolla, G Pesce, M E Giovenzana, F Londrino, V Cantaluppi, F Pregnolato, A Volpi, G Rombolà, G Moroni, G Ortisi, Renato A Sinico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Autoantibody against phospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R) is a sensitive and specific biomarker of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN), being found in approximately 70% of iMN patients and only occasionally in other glomerular diseases. However, whereas its diagnostic specificity vs. normal controls and other glomerulonephritides (GN) has been firmly established, its specificity vs. membranous nephropathy associated with various diseases (sMN) has given inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of anti-PLA2R antibodies in iMN in comparison with various control groups, including sMN. A total of 252 consecutive iMN patients, 184 pathological and 43 healthy controls were tested for anti-PLA2R antibody using indirect immunofluorescence (PLA2R IIFT, Euroimmun). Anti-PLA2R autoantibodies were detectable in 178/252 iMN patients, 1/80 primary GN, 0/72 secondary GN, 9/32 sMN and 0/43 healthy controls, with a diagnostic sensitivity of 70.6%. The diagnostic specificity of anti-PLA2R antibody vs. normal and pathological controls was 100 and 94.6% respectively. However, when the diagnostic specificity was calculated only vs. secondary forms of MN, it decreased considerably to 71.9%. Interestingly enough, 9 out of 10 anti-PLA2R positive patients in the disease control groups had membranous nephropathy associated with various diseases (7 cancer, 1 Crohn's disease, 1 scleroderma). In conclusion, anti-PLA2R positivity in a patient with MN, should not be considered sufficient to abstain from seeking a secondary cause, especially in patients with risk factors for neoplasia. The causal relationship between tumors and anti-PLA2R-induced MN remains to be established, as well as the possible mechanisms through which malignancies provoke autoimmunity.
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)271-278
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nephrology
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

Cite this

Diagnostic specificity of autoantibodies to M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) in differentiating idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) from secondary forms and other glomerular diseases. / Radice, A; Pieruzzi, F; Trezzi, B; Ghiggeri, G; Napodano, P; D'Amico, M; Stellato, T; Brugnano, R; Ravera, F; Rolla, D; Pesce, G; Giovenzana, M E; Londrino, F; Cantaluppi, V; Pregnolato, F; Volpi, A; Rombolà, G; Moroni, G; Ortisi, G; Sinico, Renato A.

In: Journal of Nephrology, Vol. 31, No. 2, 04.2018, p. 271-278.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Radice, A, Pieruzzi, F, Trezzi, B, Ghiggeri, G, Napodano, P, D'Amico, M, Stellato, T, Brugnano, R, Ravera, F, Rolla, D, Pesce, G, Giovenzana, ME, Londrino, F, Cantaluppi, V, Pregnolato, F, Volpi, A, Rombolà, G, Moroni, G, Ortisi, G & Sinico, RA 2018, 'Diagnostic specificity of autoantibodies to M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) in differentiating idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) from secondary forms and other glomerular diseases', Journal of Nephrology, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 271-278. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40620-017-0451-5
Radice, A ; Pieruzzi, F ; Trezzi, B ; Ghiggeri, G ; Napodano, P ; D'Amico, M ; Stellato, T ; Brugnano, R ; Ravera, F ; Rolla, D ; Pesce, G ; Giovenzana, M E ; Londrino, F ; Cantaluppi, V ; Pregnolato, F ; Volpi, A ; Rombolà, G ; Moroni, G ; Ortisi, G ; Sinico, Renato A. / Diagnostic specificity of autoantibodies to M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) in differentiating idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) from secondary forms and other glomerular diseases. In: Journal of Nephrology. 2018 ; Vol. 31, No. 2. pp. 271-278.
@article{e0afd94a263944689aa8a220880e44a3,
title = "Diagnostic specificity of autoantibodies to M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) in differentiating idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) from secondary forms and other glomerular diseases",
abstract = "Autoantibody against phospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R) is a sensitive and specific biomarker of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN), being found in approximately 70{\%} of iMN patients and only occasionally in other glomerular diseases. However, whereas its diagnostic specificity vs. normal controls and other glomerulonephritides (GN) has been firmly established, its specificity vs. membranous nephropathy associated with various diseases (sMN) has given inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of anti-PLA2R antibodies in iMN in comparison with various control groups, including sMN. A total of 252 consecutive iMN patients, 184 pathological and 43 healthy controls were tested for anti-PLA2R antibody using indirect immunofluorescence (PLA2R IIFT, Euroimmun). Anti-PLA2R autoantibodies were detectable in 178/252 iMN patients, 1/80 primary GN, 0/72 secondary GN, 9/32 sMN and 0/43 healthy controls, with a diagnostic sensitivity of 70.6{\%}. The diagnostic specificity of anti-PLA2R antibody vs. normal and pathological controls was 100 and 94.6{\%} respectively. However, when the diagnostic specificity was calculated only vs. secondary forms of MN, it decreased considerably to 71.9{\%}. Interestingly enough, 9 out of 10 anti-PLA2R positive patients in the disease control groups had membranous nephropathy associated with various diseases (7 cancer, 1 Crohn's disease, 1 scleroderma). In conclusion, anti-PLA2R positivity in a patient with MN, should not be considered sufficient to abstain from seeking a secondary cause, especially in patients with risk factors for neoplasia. The causal relationship between tumors and anti-PLA2R-induced MN remains to be established, as well as the possible mechanisms through which malignancies provoke autoimmunity.",
author = "A Radice and F Pieruzzi and B Trezzi and G Ghiggeri and P Napodano and M D'Amico and T Stellato and R Brugnano and F Ravera and D Rolla and G Pesce and Giovenzana, {M E} and F Londrino and V Cantaluppi and F Pregnolato and A Volpi and G Rombol{\`a} and G Moroni and G Ortisi and Sinico, {Renato A}",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1007/s40620-017-0451-5",
language = "Italian",
volume = "31",
pages = "271--278",
journal = "Journal of Nephrology",
issn = "1121-8428",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diagnostic specificity of autoantibodies to M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) in differentiating idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) from secondary forms and other glomerular diseases

AU - Radice, A

AU - Pieruzzi, F

AU - Trezzi, B

AU - Ghiggeri, G

AU - Napodano, P

AU - D'Amico, M

AU - Stellato, T

AU - Brugnano, R

AU - Ravera, F

AU - Rolla, D

AU - Pesce, G

AU - Giovenzana, M E

AU - Londrino, F

AU - Cantaluppi, V

AU - Pregnolato, F

AU - Volpi, A

AU - Rombolà, G

AU - Moroni, G

AU - Ortisi, G

AU - Sinico, Renato A

PY - 2018/4

Y1 - 2018/4

N2 - Autoantibody against phospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R) is a sensitive and specific biomarker of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN), being found in approximately 70% of iMN patients and only occasionally in other glomerular diseases. However, whereas its diagnostic specificity vs. normal controls and other glomerulonephritides (GN) has been firmly established, its specificity vs. membranous nephropathy associated with various diseases (sMN) has given inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of anti-PLA2R antibodies in iMN in comparison with various control groups, including sMN. A total of 252 consecutive iMN patients, 184 pathological and 43 healthy controls were tested for anti-PLA2R antibody using indirect immunofluorescence (PLA2R IIFT, Euroimmun). Anti-PLA2R autoantibodies were detectable in 178/252 iMN patients, 1/80 primary GN, 0/72 secondary GN, 9/32 sMN and 0/43 healthy controls, with a diagnostic sensitivity of 70.6%. The diagnostic specificity of anti-PLA2R antibody vs. normal and pathological controls was 100 and 94.6% respectively. However, when the diagnostic specificity was calculated only vs. secondary forms of MN, it decreased considerably to 71.9%. Interestingly enough, 9 out of 10 anti-PLA2R positive patients in the disease control groups had membranous nephropathy associated with various diseases (7 cancer, 1 Crohn's disease, 1 scleroderma). In conclusion, anti-PLA2R positivity in a patient with MN, should not be considered sufficient to abstain from seeking a secondary cause, especially in patients with risk factors for neoplasia. The causal relationship between tumors and anti-PLA2R-induced MN remains to be established, as well as the possible mechanisms through which malignancies provoke autoimmunity.

AB - Autoantibody against phospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R) is a sensitive and specific biomarker of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN), being found in approximately 70% of iMN patients and only occasionally in other glomerular diseases. However, whereas its diagnostic specificity vs. normal controls and other glomerulonephritides (GN) has been firmly established, its specificity vs. membranous nephropathy associated with various diseases (sMN) has given inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of anti-PLA2R antibodies in iMN in comparison with various control groups, including sMN. A total of 252 consecutive iMN patients, 184 pathological and 43 healthy controls were tested for anti-PLA2R antibody using indirect immunofluorescence (PLA2R IIFT, Euroimmun). Anti-PLA2R autoantibodies were detectable in 178/252 iMN patients, 1/80 primary GN, 0/72 secondary GN, 9/32 sMN and 0/43 healthy controls, with a diagnostic sensitivity of 70.6%. The diagnostic specificity of anti-PLA2R antibody vs. normal and pathological controls was 100 and 94.6% respectively. However, when the diagnostic specificity was calculated only vs. secondary forms of MN, it decreased considerably to 71.9%. Interestingly enough, 9 out of 10 anti-PLA2R positive patients in the disease control groups had membranous nephropathy associated with various diseases (7 cancer, 1 Crohn's disease, 1 scleroderma). In conclusion, anti-PLA2R positivity in a patient with MN, should not be considered sufficient to abstain from seeking a secondary cause, especially in patients with risk factors for neoplasia. The causal relationship between tumors and anti-PLA2R-induced MN remains to be established, as well as the possible mechanisms through which malignancies provoke autoimmunity.

U2 - 10.1007/s40620-017-0451-5

DO - 10.1007/s40620-017-0451-5

M3 - Articolo

VL - 31

SP - 271

EP - 278

JO - Journal of Nephrology

JF - Journal of Nephrology

SN - 1121-8428

IS - 2

ER -