Diagnostic values of glycated haemoglobin and diagnosis of diabetes: Results of a cross-sectional survey among general practitioners in the province of Reggio Emilia, Italy

Paola Ballotari, Francesca Roncaglia, Sofia Chiatamone Ranieri, Marina Greci, Valeria Manicardi, Paolo Giorgi Rossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims The aim of this study was to investigate whether subjects included in the diabetes register solely because their HbA1c was over the diagnostic threshold received a diagnosis of diabetes from their general practitioner (GP). Methods The study included all registered cases in 2009-2010 aged 18 or over that were identified only by the laboratory database because they had one or more HbA1c over the 6.5% threshold and for whom we did not find any information in the search of full electronic clinical records. Multilevel logistic regression was used to examine the influence of GP and patient characteristics. Results There were 228 participating GPS (76.3% of those invited) and 832 assessed subjects (68.8% of study population). There was a strong clustering among the GPS (residual intraclass correlation = 0.52, 95% CI 0.40-0.64). About one in two (55.5%) subjects with two or more HbA1c > =6.5% has been diagnosed as diabetic and the percentage declined - unless zeroing - in case the abnormal value was only one (28.3%). The likelihood of being labelled 'no diabetes' was greater in subjects aged less than 65 or over 74 with respect to the reference age group (OR 1.89, 95% CI 1.13-3.15; OR 1.55 95% CI 0.94-2.53). The same likelihood consistently decreased when HbA1c test was accompanied by abnormal fasting plasma glucose (FPG) assay (OR 0.20, 95% CI 0.12-0.32). Conclusions A permanent exchange of information between the diabetes register and GPS should be maintained to improve the care of patients and the awareness of criteria for diabetes diagnosis among GPS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-25
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Diabetes diagnosis
  • Diabetes register
  • General practitioner
  • Glycated haemoglobin
  • Multilevel analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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