Dichromatic source for the application of dual-energy tissue cancellation in mammography

A. Tuffanelli, S. Fabbri, M. Marziani, A. Taibi, A. Sarnelli, M. Gambaccini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A novel x-ray source, providing dichromatic beams for the application of dual-energy radiography, has been assembled and studied. The system works via Bragg diffraction, by monochromatizing the beam produced by a conventional W-anode x-ray tube with a mosaic crystal monochromator. The source generates a laminar beam (10 cm-high and 0.8 cm-wide), composed by two spatially superimposed quasi-monochromatic beams. The characteristics of the radiation field in terms of energy resolution and fluence have been reported, for three pairs of energies. A study of the spectra attenuated by several phantoms of breast equivalent tissue of different thicknesses shows that the optimal energy of the dichromatic beam for dual energy mammography application ranges between 18/36 keV and 18.6/37.2 keV and may be set as a function of the thickness or density of investigated tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsL.E. Antonuk, M.J. Yaffe
Pages192-201
Number of pages10
Volume4682
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
EventMedical Imaging 2002: Physics of Medical Imaging - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 24 2002Feb 26 2002

Other

OtherMedical Imaging 2002: Physics of Medical Imaging
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period2/24/022/26/02

Fingerprint

Mammography
cancellation
Tissue
X rays
Monochromators
Radiography
Anodes
Diffraction
Radiation
Crystals
energy
x ray tubes
x ray sources
radiography
monochromators
breast
radiation distribution
fluence
anodes
diffraction

Keywords

  • Bragg diffraction
  • Dichromatic x-ray beams
  • Dual energy mammography
  • Mosaic crystal
  • Tungsten anode x-ray tube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Tuffanelli, A., Fabbri, S., Marziani, M., Taibi, A., Sarnelli, A., & Gambaccini, M. (2002). Dichromatic source for the application of dual-energy tissue cancellation in mammography. In L. E. Antonuk, & M. J. Yaffe (Eds.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 4682, pp. 192-201) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.465559

Dichromatic source for the application of dual-energy tissue cancellation in mammography. / Tuffanelli, A.; Fabbri, S.; Marziani, M.; Taibi, A.; Sarnelli, A.; Gambaccini, M.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. ed. / L.E. Antonuk; M.J. Yaffe. Vol. 4682 2002. p. 192-201.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Tuffanelli, A, Fabbri, S, Marziani, M, Taibi, A, Sarnelli, A & Gambaccini, M 2002, Dichromatic source for the application of dual-energy tissue cancellation in mammography. in LE Antonuk & MJ Yaffe (eds), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 4682, pp. 192-201, Medical Imaging 2002: Physics of Medical Imaging, San Diego, CA, United States, 2/24/02. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.465559
Tuffanelli A, Fabbri S, Marziani M, Taibi A, Sarnelli A, Gambaccini M. Dichromatic source for the application of dual-energy tissue cancellation in mammography. In Antonuk LE, Yaffe MJ, editors, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 4682. 2002. p. 192-201 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.465559
Tuffanelli, A. ; Fabbri, S. ; Marziani, M. ; Taibi, A. ; Sarnelli, A. ; Gambaccini, M. / Dichromatic source for the application of dual-energy tissue cancellation in mammography. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. editor / L.E. Antonuk ; M.J. Yaffe. Vol. 4682 2002. pp. 192-201
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