Diet and coronary heart disease risk factors in a population with varied intake

Maurizio Trevisan, Vittorio Krogh, Jo L. Freudenheim, Alma Blake, Paola Muti, Salvatore Panico, Eduardo Farinaro, Mario Mancini, Alessandro Menotti, Giorgio Ricci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The relationship between consumption of foods high in saturated fats and cholesterol and a number of coronary heart disease risk factors (blood pressure, serum glucose, serum cholesterol, and triglycerides) was analyzed in a large sample (4,917) of Italian men and women, ages 20-59 years. The dietary habits of the participants were ascertained with a food frequency questionnaire. Intake of atherogenic foods (foods high in cholesterol and saturated fats) was evaluated for each participant. In both sexes, systolic blood pressure, serum glucose, and serum cholesterol increased with higher consumption of atherogenic foods. These findings were independent of any possible confounding effect of age, adiposity, alcohol intake, and cigarette smoking. The present article confirms previous findings that consumption of foods high in saturated fats and cholesterol is associated with an increased risk for atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-241
Number of pages11
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Trevisan, M., Krogh, V., Freudenheim, J. L., Blake, A., Muti, P., Panico, S., Farinaro, E., Mancini, M., Menotti, A., & Ricci, G. (1990). Diet and coronary heart disease risk factors in a population with varied intake. Preventive Medicine, 19(3), 231-241. https://doi.org/10.1016/0091-7435(90)90024-E