Diet and risk of seromucinous benign ovarian cysts

Francesca Chiaffarino, Fabio Parazzini, Matteo Surace, Guido Benzi, Vito Chiantera, Carlo La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To analyze the relation between selected dietary indicators and the risk of seromucinous benign ovarian cysts. Study design: We used data from a case-control study on risk factors for benign ovarian cysts conducted in Italy between 1984 and 1994. Cases included 225 women with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of benign seromucinous ovarian neoplasm dating back no more than 2 years. Controls were 450 women below the age of 65 years admitted for acute non-gynecological, non-hormonal, non-neoplastic conditions. Results: Women with seromucinous cysts reported more frequent consumption of beef and other red meat and cheese and less frequent consumption of green vegetables. The multivariate odds ratios (ORs) in highest versus less frequent consumption levels were 2.7 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.8-4.3) for beef and other red meat, 0.6 (95% CI 0.3-0.9) for green vegetables and 1.4 (95% CI 1.0-2.2) for cheese. Conclusion: Seromucinous benign ovarian cysts are associated with beef and cheese consumption, whereas high intake of green vegetables seems to have a protective effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-200
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 10 2003


  • Diet
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Reproductive Medicine


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