Dietary and nutraceutical approach to type 2 diabetes

Giuseppe Derosa, Celina Preciado Limas, Pilar Ceballos Maciás, Aceves Estrella, Pamela Maffioli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nutritional medical treatment is the first step to achieve adequate glycemic control and prevent diabetic complications. Lifestyle changes include moderate weight loss (7%) and regular physical activity (150 min/week). The appropriate diet composition is <30% total fat, <10% saturated fats, > 15 g/1000 kcal fiber, half soluble, 45-60% of carbohydrates with a moderate intake of sugar (50 g/day) and protein intake of 15-20% of the total calories a day. Patients need to limit the intake of saturated fats to <7% of the daily calorie intake. Monounsaturated fatty acids such as olive oil and other vegetable oils are recommended. L-carnitine, α-lipoic acid, berberine and ω-3 fatty acids can be useful supplements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-344
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Medical Science
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Berberine
  • Diabetes
  • Diet
  • L-carnitine
  • ω-3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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