Dietary calcium sources in disease-specific diets

Maria Rosaria Serra, Annarita Caldara, Maurizio Marra, Giuseppe Zacchia, Lisa Di Franco, Eufemia Silvestri, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi, Lidia Santarpia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Some malabsorptive chronic diseases can influence dietary calcium intake with longterm consequences for bone tissue health. Materials and Methods: Calcium intake was evaluated using a weekly frequency questionnaire in 51 patients with celiac disease, 30 patients with cystic fibrosis, 41 patients with food allergies and 9 patients with lactose intolerance. Results: Patients with cystic fibrosis had an adequate daily calcium intake (1214±367 mg/day), whilst patients with celiac disease (769±281 mg/day), lactose intolerance (725±308 mg/day) and food allergies (884±304 mg/day) had a daily calcium intake below the recommended intake. In patients with celiac disease calcium sources were represented above all (33.1%) by drinking water, while in patients with cystic fibrosis (26.7%), food allergies (32.8%) and lactose intolerance (37.3%) the main source was dairy products. Processed foods accounted for 2.4% to 10.4% of the calcium in the diet. Conclusions: Only patients affected by cystic fibrosis, who are regularly followed by trained dieticians, took an adequate amount of calcium. This observation suggests there is a role for regular dietary advice in chronic diseases, which can positively affect food intake and nutritional status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-97
Number of pages5
JournalNutritional Therapy and Metabolism
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Disease-specific diets
  • Malabsorptive diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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  • Cite this

    Serra, M. R., Caldara, A., Marra, M., Zacchia, G., Di Franco, L., Silvestri, E., Contaldo, F., Pasanisi, F., & Santarpia, L. (2014). Dietary calcium sources in disease-specific diets. Nutritional Therapy and Metabolism, 32(2), 93-97. https://doi.org/10.5301/NTM.2014.12382