Dietary n-9, n-6 and n-3 fatty acids modify linoleic acid more than arachidonic acid levels in plasma and platelet lipids and minimally affect platelet thromboxane formation in the rabbit

Cristina Mosconi, Susanna Colli, Elena Tremoli, Claudio Galli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have studied the effects of semisynthetic diets containing 5% by weight (12% of the energy) of either olive oil (70% oleic acid, OA) or corn oil (58% linoleic acid), or fish oil (Max EPA, containing about 30% eicosapentaenoic, EPA C 20:5 n-3, plus docosahexaenoic, DHA C 22:6 n-3, acids, and less than 2% linoleic acid), fed to male rabbits for a period of five weeks, on plasma and platelet fatty acids and platelet thromboxane formation. Aim of the study was to quantitate the absolute changes of n-6 and n-3 fatty acid levels in plasma and platelet lipid pools after dietary manipulations and to correlate the effects on eicosanoid-precursor fatty acids with those on platelet thromboxane formation. The major differences were found when comparing the group fed fish oil and depleted linoleic acid vs the other groups. The accumulation of n-3 fatty acids in various lipid classes was associated with modifications in the distribution of linoleic acid and arachidonic acid in different lipid pools. In platelets maximal incorporation of n-3 fatty acids occurred in phosphatidyl ethanolamine, which also participated in most of the total arachidonic acid reduction occurring in platelets, and linoleic acid, more than archidonic acid, was replaced by n-3 fatty acids in various phospholipids. The archidonic acid content of phosphatidyl choline was unaffected and that of phosphatidyl inositol only marginally reduced. Thromboxane formation by thrombin stimulated platelets did not differ among the three groups, and this may be related to the minimal changes of arachidonic acid in phosphatidyl choline and phosphatidyl inositol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-571
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume1
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

Keywords

  • and thromboxane
  • corn oil
  • fish oil
  • olive oil
  • plasma fatty acids
  • platelet fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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