Dietary salt excess unmasks blunted aldosterone suppression and sodium retention in the stroke-prone phenotype of the spontaneously hypertensive rat

Massimo Volpe, Speranza Ru battu, Detlev Ganten, Lolanda Enea, Rosaria Russo, Giuseppe Lembo, Angelina Mirante, Gianluigi Condorelli, Bruno Trimarco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The mechanisms underlying the accelerating effect of high salt intake on the development of vascular injury in the stroke-prone phenotype of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) are still not clear. The aim of the present study was to determine whether young SHRSP can excrete a dietary excess of sodium and to characterize the associated hormonal responses. Methods: Sodium balance and hormonal parameters were studied during a 1-week high-salt diet (4% NaCl) in 6-week-old SHRSP (n = 84), in age-matched spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR; n = 73) and in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats (n = 52). Results: Baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) was similar in SHR and SHRSP and did not change significantly during the high-salt diet. SBP also remained unchanged in WKY rats during the high-salt diet. Despite similar daily sodium intakes in the three groups during the diet, the response of urinary sodium excretion to sodium loading was reduced significantly in SHRSP compared with SHR or WKY rats (F = 4.09, P <0.001). Plasma renin activity was suppressed significantly by high salt intake in each group to a comparable extent. Plasma aldosterone concentrations were also reduced significantly by sodium loading in all strains. However, a lesser degree of aldosterone suppression was observed in the SHRSP than in both SHR and WKY rats (F = 3.01, P <0.01). Conclusions: Young SHRSP show a blunted suppression of plasma aldosterone and a defective sodium excretion during high salt intake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)793-798
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume11
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Aldosterone
  • Atrial natriuretic factor
  • Hypertension
  • Kidney
  • Renin-angiotensin system
  • Sodium
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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